Behavioral Theory and Planning Model
In a drug and alcohol addiction rehab, the relapse prevention model would be the most appropriate behavioral and planning model for use .Persons undergoing rehabilitation often experience relapse as a result of the behavioral backlash with addiction. For example alcoholic addicts often experience withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms are a recipe for relapse particularly when the addict experiences headache, nausea or insomnia. As such, it is prudent for the rehab to have a relapse prevention plan to ensure that the backlash associated with the discontinued use of drugs and alcohol does not do more damage than harm. In a relapse prevention scheme, regular programs are backed by interventions that help mitigate barriers or factors that lead relapse.
Relapse prevention entails skills training, cognitive reframing as well as lifestyle rebalancing.Skills training orchestrate the relapse prevention process in that a trained interventionist can connect with the addict both physically and emotionally. Cognitive reframing is a technique that is used to eradicate irrational or maladaptive thoughts that are often harbored by the addict (Heather 1995). Because addicts often feel neglected and experience social isolation as withdrawal symptoms, it is imperative to note that conducting cognitive reframing procedures would be most appropriate. In addition, the therapeutic merits of engaging this psychological process includes improved memory and reduced anxiety.Lifestyle balancing is also a relapse prevention procedure. If an addict’s life was full of non-pleasurable activities, there’s a high chance of experiencing relapse. Usually the relapse provides temporary satisfaction. When one wants to do so many things at a go, it leads to imbalance and might be detrimental to the recovery process. It is expected that people enrolled in a rehabilitation scheme should try to maintain a balance between exercise and rest or activity and contemplation.
The Stages-of-Change Model as documented by Prochaska and DiClemente helps in crafting interventions that best suit an addict’s needs (Prochaska et. al 1994). This intervention planning model is most appropriate because it considers the stage an addict is in and thus thwarts the possibility of treatment resistance or instances of noncompliance.
Heather, N. Interpreting the evidence on brief interventions for excessive drinkers: The need for caution. Alcohol and Alcoholism. 1995;30(3):287–296
Prochaska, J.O.; Velicer, W.F.; Rossi, J.S.; Goldstein, M.G.; Marcus, B.H.; Rakowski, W.; Fiore, C.; Harlow, L.L.; Redding, C.A.; and Rosenbloom, D. Stages of change and decisional balance for 12 problem behaviors. Health Psychology. 1994;131(1):39–46