Tobacco Use in Our Community
June 27, 2016
Tobacco Use in Our Community
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDCP) have put forth exceptional effort in to the reduction of tobacco use over the years. In recent years, tobacco use has slowly declines due to the research studies and education amongst schools, television and peers. This paper will summarize the CDCP as it relates to use in the community including the introduction, state interventions and community interventions.
State and Community Interventions
To determine sustained solutions for issues like tobacco use utilizing a wide range of societal and community resources is necessary. Policies, partnerships, and interventions occurring at the state and community level assist in increasing the success of tobacco control programs. State programs affect enforcement efforts related to state polices, regulations, and laws. They also assist in providing the skills, resources, and information needed to coordinate effective community programs. However, community programs reach multiple local sectors ranging from city and county governments to local health care systems (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
In addition, four domains exist, contributing to national change and empower individuals to take charge of their own health. Epidemiology and surveillance enables agencies to gather and analyze data for the development of effective programs. The environmental approach promotes health and support to reinforce healthful choices. Health system interventions improve effective service delivery at various levels. Finally, strategies to improve community-clinical linkages ensures community and clinical support of programs designed to improve management of related chronic illnesses (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
Mass-Reach Health Communication Interventions
Use of tobacco products have become everyday common practice among youth in America. CDCP established and presented key points concerning tobacco use and how concerned organizations can effectively reach and educate American youth about dangers related to sustained tobacco use(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). The tobacco industry spends millions of dollars in harmful and deliberate promotion campaigns to increase the number of tobacco users. However, the effectiveness of anti-tobacco counter marketing is believed to be effective. In the past, well executed and prolonged anti-smoking and tobacco cessation programs were effective by reducing youth exposure to tobacco industry advertisement. In the past, three recommendations were highly favored by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCP) including paid television, radio, print, and digital advertising,media advocacy through public relations or earned media efforts, and health promotion activities, such as working with health care professionals and other partners and promoting quit lines.Each provided efforts to reduce or replace tobacco industry sponsorship and promotions as well as to decrease movie smoking imagery (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
A greater effort to reduce the use of tobacco products is done through strategic cessation interventions. The goal is to decrease tobacco-related disease, death, and health care costs.Population-wide cessation efforts specifically, policy, systems, or environmental changes are most efficient and effective at reaching many people. Three major goals include health systems change, expanding insurance coverage and utilization of proven cessation treatments, and supporting state quitlines.Many smokers who make a conscious effort to quit do not have access to appropriate resources and medical supplies. Making cessation interventions accessible to the population provides the opportunity for medical insurance coverage expansionto supportthe needs of tobacco users looking to quit. Quitlines are telephone-based services enabling individuals to access counseling services regardless of their location. Therefore, are most accessible (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
Surveillance and Evaluation
Tobacco control programs must be able to demonstrate effectiveness with supporting data to promoteservice improvement. Comprehensive tobacco control programs serve as surveillance and evaluation systems. Surveillance provides continued monitoring of the behaviors, attitudes and health outcomes. Evaluations are a collection of information of the characteristics and results of the services.Both systems can be utilized simultaneously to increase the ability to keep track of data from long-term, intermediate, or short- term outcomes of the clients. Examples of surveillance and evaluation systems include the adult tobacco survey, national youth tobacco survey and tobacco use supplement to the current population survey(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).
The CDCPutilized different resource methods within the state and community as a method of surveillance for monitoring tobacco use. They enforced policies and regulations in areas to help reduce exposure to people whom did not smoke. They used evaluation methods and worked with health insurance policies to help people quit smoking (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014).As a result, the CDCP successfully contributed the reduction of tobacco use among the American population. However, as trends change the efforts of the CDCP need to also change to remain proactive against the fight against all forms of tobacco.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Best practices for comprehensive tobacco control program. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/stateandcommunity/best_practices/pdfs/2014/comprehensive.pdf