Challenge Facing Public Health: Is Disease Detection by Medical Intelligence
Modupe O Sarratt
University of Maryland University College
The challenge to medical intelligence for disease surveillance contradict the role of the public health to get involved with the communities for detecting diseases by examination to prevent diseases with coaching and treating those who may be infected for defeating diseases and stop the spreading of the diseases. Therefore, the medical intelligence for disease surveillance is dynamic of the military system for investigating the peoples’ activities is not for preventing diseases. Nevertheless, medical intelligence for disease surveillance represents a small component of the public health for collaboration to find the source or the root of diseases.
Challenges Facing Public Health
The role of the public health is to detect a diseasefor preventing a disease, and the complexity of the public health is not able to detect a disease for not preventing a disease. The important element of public health is to provide adequate, timely medical intervention for tracking, monitoring, and controlling disease outbreak.However, the challenge isthat medical intelligence that allows common and expected diseases or infectious agentat an endemic level that usually present in a community to be disregarded to focus on deadly diseases or infectious agent at an epidemic level for an outbreak of biochemical agent that have the potential to cause mass harm internationally for what is medical intelligence and the challenges for public health?
What is Medical Intelligence?
Medical Intelligence also knows as an Epidemic Intelligence by CDC for public health is the category of intelligence in the collection, evaluation, and interpretation of foreign medical, bio-scientific and environmental information for strategic planning. Department of Defense defined medical intelligence as:
That of category intelligence resulting from collection, evaluation, analysis, and interpretation of foreign medical, bio-scientific, and environmental information that is of interest to strategic planning and to military medical planning and operations for the conservation of the fighting strength of friendly forces and the formation of assessments of foreign medical capabilities in both military and civilian sectors . (Staff, 2001)
The civilian sector aimed at surveying biochemical infectious disease is the CDC preparedness of the public health for readiness to be involved with preventing and treating biochemical infectious disease at an epidemic level.
Medical intelligence is a challenge for the public health because medical Intelligence is newfor the peril of biological and chemical terrorism at home and abroad for globalization to detect hidden diseases within and the disease for the potential to cross over international borders to strengthening the relationshipbetween military intelligence. Bowsher et al., (2016) described medical intelligence as a “distinct field for global health agenda for the adopting of the public health program for action” (p.269)to illustrate Medical Intelligence.:
Is the initiative towards a global health security program to gathers the step to highlight the plan in which the Ebola epidemic in West Africa and the killing of Osama Bin Laden by the US intelligence services to gauge Medical Intelligence for the role it can play in global health security as a form of health deliverance that aligned with definition of global health for World Health Organization (Bowsher, 2016, p.270).
The prediction for medical intelligence is having the capability for critical intelligence to evaluate risk to health under the framework of military and civilian is a significant component of national security. To suggest medical intelligence is a national plan for global health. Therefore, the methods of medical intelligence are dynamic of surveillance system to be able to detect an action for biochemical that has the potential to cause casualties and diseases at anywhere, for a collaborative effort to defeat biochemical terrorists on a national scale for global health, is a great challenge for the public health that only instituted to prevent diseases.
The challenges of medical intelligence
The challenge of medical intelligence is the pros and cons of precision and accuracy for a disease surveillance that observe a behavior activity instead of a disease to suggest that a disease is not limited to an activity. To detect a disease is by interacting with the people to examine the impact of a disease that influence person’s health for information not by surveillance. Also, the challenge includes how to implement surveillance training in the public health education for observing a disease instead of preventing a disease will be difficult and confusing for investigating a disease instead of preventing a disease.
Furthermore, medical intelligence for disease surveillance contradicts medical intervention for treating a disease. Medical intelligence for disease surveillance will hinder the ability to interact to collect health information that is accurate for detecting a disease from its source. Also, to observe a disease at a distance by surveillance is not knowing of disease by informing. Disease surveillance for medical intelligence is counterproductive for the role of the public health to intervene in preventing disease for not spreading, to minimize the effect of a disease, and to know a disease for initiating treatment that will prevent a disease, there is no way to prevent a disease by surveillance for medical intelligence.
Likewise, there is no way to detect a disease by surveillance because it is an image of a disease for inaccuracy, imprecision, mistakenness, and erroneousness for preventing a disease for wrongness. Imagined a surveillance of coughing activities for medical intelligence to suggest tuberculous or an epidemic of flu to diagnose a disease for treatment to prevent disease.
To know a disease is for preventing a disease require contact with those who are infected with a disease. Surveillance is a system of military or the government for intelligence gathering to analyze for action is the opposite of the public health to intervene to preventing disease by involvement at home or abroad.
Although public health to intervene to prevent disease has involved to include the technology of social media and the internet for surveillance of health information. According to Brownstein et.al, (2009), having “the digital disease detection for harnessing the web for public health surveillance” is the Health Information Technology (HIT)
Nevertheless, medical intelligence by surveillance represent a small component of the public health for collaboration to find the source of a disease, however, to treat a disease associated with warfare is military intelligence to establish a rescue location for the public health intervention is very important.
To believe is very important
Believe it to be very important is that medical intelligence for disease surveillance is limited to the circumstance where public health and safety is at risk and without the military intelligence, medical intelligence is not sufficient. For example, a medical intelligence of a war zone for a biochemical attack is not enough if there is no military intelligence to transport the people out of the infected area or unsafe environment to initiate for public health intervention, to treat and prevent a disease. In addition, medical intelligence is value driven for health and safety that support care delivery for the best outcomes.
With the innovation of medical intelligence, there isnow a two ways to prevent and treat diseases, the first way, is by information for detecting a disease in a safe environment to deploypublic health workers. Another way is by medical intelligence for surveying a disease in an unsafe environment to gather data to organize and train public health worker for actionable that will enable the initiation to prevent a disease or to treat a disease for public health service. Both ways can be accomplished with social behavior for interaction (friendly) or by an order for routine and functional surveillance of activities with medical intelligence. Becker & Maiman, (1975), infers “Sociobehavioral is the determinants of compliance with health and medical care for recommendation”. Either way, information about a disease and medical intelligence for surveillance a disease are the two methods for detecting and tracking of diseases to initiate step or plan for prevention and treatment.
Despite the challenges of medical intelligence for public health, it is important motivation to render a supportive intervention for evidence-based intelligence to coordinate care for improving health outcomes. However, medical intelligence for the public health to prevent disease is not sufficient on the global scale to combat an epidemic outbreak of bioterrorism that predestined to be a catastrophic outbreak of military intelligence. The greatest challenge and obstacle to a biochemical terrorist is a lack of action with no communication for not able to detect activities for an event to happen. Bioterrorism or biochemical terror is watching in action for not detectable is to affect for disaster for not preventable, no medical intelligence can prevent 9/11.
Becker, M. H., & Maiman, L. A. (1975). Sociobehavioral determinants of compliance with health and medical care recommendations. Medical care, 13(1), 10-24.
Bowsher, G., Milner, C., & Sullivan, R. (2016). Medical intelligence, security and global health: the foundations of a new health agenda. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 109(7), 269-273.
Brownstein, J. S., Freifeld, C. C., & Madoff, L. C. (2009). Digital disease detection—harnessingthe Web for public health surveillance. New England Journal of Medicine, 360(21)153-2157.http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmp0900702#t=articlehttp://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejmp0900702#t=article
Staff, J. (2001). Joint Publication 1-02, DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms