Unit 3 Seminar Option 2
Purdue University Global
Unit 3 Seminar Option 2
Preventive patrol, according to our reading, is the “dominant operational policing strategy and has been the backbone of police work.”. This is just routine police patrol meaning you have officers on the street creating a dominant police presence. The idea it to “deter crimes, to interrupt crimes in progress, to position officers for quick response to emergency situations, and to increase the public’s feelings of safety and security.” .
Routine incident response is when a police officer responds to “routine incidents”. This includes minor traffic accidents. According to the text this is the second most common activity of patrol officers, they collect information and file a written report..
Emergency response is considered a vital part of what police officers do. According to Schmalleger, emergency responses, often referred to as critical incidents, are used for crimes in progress, traffic accidents with serious injuries, natural disasters, incidents of terrorism, officer requests for assistance, and other situations in which human life may be in jeopardy. Emergency responses are a priority over everything else and emergency response is a large part of police training. .
Criminal investigation is defined as “The process of discovering, collecting, preparing, identifying, and presenting evidence to determine what happened and who is responsible” when a crime has occurred.. Criminal investigators are usually referred to as detectives, though investigations are actually a small part of police work, they are what the media seems to cover most.
Problem solving, also called problem-oriented policing, seeks to “reduce chronic offending in a community.” . This is the least developed strategy for police departments. It has only gained structure and attention in the past 20 years. The process involves; communicating with the “clients”, gather information to determine cause, develop solutions, respond with a “workable plan, and assess the situation to ensure progress. .
“Support services constitute the final operational strategy found in police organizations. They include such activities as dispatch, training, human resources management, property and evidence control, and record keeping. Support services keep police agencies running and help deliver the equipment, money, and resources necessary to support law enforcement officers in the field.”.