CJ420: Juvenile Justice
Final Project: Prevention and Diversion
What are diversion programs for?
Diversion is an effort to channel the youth out of the justice system. Diversion programs are offered in the earliest stages of juvenile justice processing to prevent further involvement in crime.
Drug Abuse Resistance Education (D.A.R.E) mission is; “Teaching students good decision-making skills to help them lead safe and healthy lives.” (D.A.R.E. 2015)
Core Activities: school safety, internet safety, community safety, drug use, and bullying awareness/prevention.
Success of D.A.R.E.
The program is in 75% of US school districts and in 52 countries.
D.A.R.E. has been taught to over 200 million juveniles.
D.A.R.E. improves social interaction between police officers, students, and schools.
D.A.R.E. has helped prevent drug use in elementary, middle, and high school students.
F.A.S.T. (Families and Schools Together)
Helps those who are at-risk
Prevent school failure
Gives confidence to parents
Prevent substance abuse
Reduces stress in the home
Success of F.A.S.T.
Positive impact for both youth and family.
Is being implemented in more than 450 schools in 31 States and 5 countries.
Has won numerous national awards.
FAST was cited as one of four effective school-based substance abuse prevention program models in a brochure distributed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Center for Substance Abuse Prevention
Figure 2 Retrieved from: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/173423.pdf
Big Brothers/Big Sisters
Big Brothers/Big Sisters is a program in the community that pairs a child (aged 6-18 who is facing issues in life) with a positive role model to help them.
Provides one on one mentoring that build a strong relationship helping the child learn positive characteristics in life.
Widely known around the country.
Significantly positive outcomes.
Success of Big Brothers/Big Sisters
Randomized controlled trial shows sizable decrease in youths’ drug and alcohol use and violent behavior.
Overall GPAs were slightly improved.
46% less likely to have started using illegal drugs
27% less likely to have started using alcohol
New Diversion Program
Family building techniques
Life skills coaching
Life Skills Coaching
Saminsky, Alina (2010) Preventing Juvenile Delinquency: Early Intervention and Comprehensiveness as Critical Factors. Retrieved from: http://www.inquiriesjournal.com/articles/165/preventing-juvenile-delinquency-early-intervention-and-comprehensiveness-as-critical-factors
D.A.R.E. America (2015) http://www.dare.org/
ProCon.org (2016) Is the D.A.R.E. Program Good for America’s Kids (K-12)? Retrieved from: http://dare.procon.org/
U.S. Department of Justice (1999) Families and Schools Together: Building Relationships. Retrieved from: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/ojjdp/173423.pdf
Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (2014) Retrieved from: http://www.bbbs.org/site/c.9iILI3NGKhK6F/b.5962335/k.BE16/Home.htm
Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy (2015) Big Brothers Big Sisters. Retrieved from: http://evidencebasedprograms.org/1366-2/117-2