Crime control can be defined as the ways that are taken in a particular society to put the crimes there into reduction. The operations of the police in the field include investigations and patrol. Since a huge number of the police have been assigned the duty of patrol, it has been known to be the policing backbone. However, police patrol itself has a number of goals being one most effective method of policing. These are control of traffic, providing a sense of satisfaction and security, preventing crime and deterrence, identification and solving the problems in the society, apprehending offenders and providing services that are not related to crime.
According to chapter nine, the police had planned to create a presence that would deter the offenders and one that is visible. The telephone and the radio then developed and changed the tactics of the patrol police from proactive to reactive. They are therefore expected to be aware of whatever is going on in the society or their zones of patrol due to the developing crime control in the community and these bases on terrorism acts and generally terrorism. They are to utilize analysis of events and also become target oriented. For example, the experiment of patrol that was once undertaken in Kansas City with an aim of examining the effects of patrol which is random. This became the earliest study on operations of the police and the most influential. It then showed that changing the assignments of patrol did not bring any reduction in the rates of crime in the City (National Research Council, 2011).
Basing on the same experiment, the police the decided to focus on the main crime spots. Thus included drinking and driving, guns, gang violence and crackdowns. Many programs however succeeded in deterring the problems that were being faced. To add on police patrol, investigation is another importance of operation of the police. Their work is mostly based on gathering reports and putting them together using the evidences that are physical and the ones that can be seen, hence the police must be in a position to know that there can be entrapment in the process of their investigation.
National Research Council. (2011). Fairness and effectiveness in policing: The evidence. National Academies Press.
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