Case Study 5: Mental Disorders

Case Study 5: Mental Disorders

Strayer University

The Criminal Mind



According to The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary (2004), “Mental Illness” and “mental disorder” are typically reciprocally. There has historically, been a difference between mental illness and mental disorders according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018).

According to The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary (2004), the following is the definition of “disorder” in medicine: A disturbance or derangement that affects the function of mind or body, such as an eating disorder or the abuse of a drug. To disturb the normal physical or mental health of; derange according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018). Because the definition of “disorder” includes, specifically, a disturbance of the mind (such as a mental disorder) it better fits what we now call mental illnesses, particularly before we understood that mental disorders are truly disorders of the brain (and not simply the “mind”) according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018).

According to The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary (2004), a mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode. Many disorders have been described, with signs and symptoms that vary widely between specific disorders. Such disorders may be diagnosed by a mental health professional according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018).

According to The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary (2004), the following is the definition of “illness” in medicine: A pathological condition of a body part, an organ, or a system resulting from various causes, such as infection, genetic defect, or environmental stress, and characterized by an identifiable group of signs or symptoms according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018). Because “disease” specifies that the pathological condition be of a body part, people were less likely to use the term “mental illness” before it was understood that mental illness are diseases of the body. The difference between “mental disorder” and “mental illness,” then is one of considering the origin of the condition according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018).

The reasons for mental disorder are mental illness and a psychological mental issues that has a differing definition and importance yet both are perceived the equivalent according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018). The articulation “mental insecurity” is direct similar to “mental turmoil.” Anybody can use the two terms then again as one handles comparable thoughts with respect to what an individual is experiencing reliably according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018). Mental insecurities and “psychological mental disorder” have comparable qualities and differences between them. Speculations may join discoveries from a scope of fields. Psychological mental disorders are typically characterized by a mix of how a man acts, feels, sees, or considers according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018). This might be related with specific locales or elements of the mind, regularly in a social setting. A psychological mental disorder issue is one part of emotional well-being. Social and religious convictions, and also social standards, ought to be considered when making a finding according to (Tracy and Crofton, 20 May 2018).

Administrations are situated in psychological mental doctor’s facilities or in the network, and appraisals are done by psychological mental well-being experts, for example, therapists, clinicians, and clinical social specialists, utilizing different strategies, for example, psychometric tests yet regularly depending on perception and addressing. Medicines are given by different emotional wellness experts. Psychotherapy and mental medicine are two noteworthy treatment alternatives. Different medications incorporate social mediations, peer support, and self-improvement. In a minority of cases there may be automatic detainment or treatment. Avoidance programs have been appeared to diminish sadness.

Normal mental illness scatters incorporate despondency, which influences around 400 million, dementia which influences around 35 million, and schizophrenia, which influences around 21 million individuals internationally. Shame and separation can add to the misery and inability related with mental disarranges, prompting different social developments endeavoring to expand comprehension and test social rejection.

According to the Office of the Child Advocate in (November 2014). When 20year old Adam Lanza’s was committed to playing harsh violent computer games as amusements for a stressor has made him showcase his fixation on mass killings. As I would like to think, I trust that Adam Lanza’s would be a mental illness contender for psychological treatment. But suicide plagued his mental state at such a young age when 20year old Adam Lanza’s decided to commit suicide by shooting his self in the head. If he would have received the mental disorder treatment for his psychological illness issues, his therapists could have accomplished something to help Adam. His mental insecurities and psychological instability would have helped in keeping his mother from being killed and fatally shooting of 20 children as well as six adults from being killed by the strike that occurred at Sandy Hook. The key qualities that are related with practical mental disorder disarranges, mental illness clutters, and hyper burdensome conduct have contrasts.

According to the Office of the Child Advocate in (November 2014) said that Adam Lanza had Asperger’s syndrome and as a teenager suffered from depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive disorder, but concluded that they had “neither caused nor led to his murderous acts.” The report went on to say, “his severe and deteriorating internalized mental health problems combined with an atypical preoccupation with violence and access to deadly weapons proved a recipe for mass murder”.

According to the Office of the Child Advocate in (November 2014). Adam Lanza was presenting developmental challenges before age of three. This included communication and sensory difficulties, socialization delays, and repetitive behaviors. He was seen by the New Hampshire “Birth to Three” intervention program and referred to special education preschool services. Once at elementary school, he was diagnosed with a sensory-integration disorder. Sensory-processing disorder does not have official status by the medical community as a formal diagnosis but is a common characteristic of autism.

According to the Office of the Child Advocate in (November 2014). When he was 13, Adam Lanza was diagnosed with Asperger syndrome by a psychiatrist, Paul Fox. At 14 his parents took him to Yale University’s Child Study Center, where he was also diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder. According to Yale (January, 2014). Adam Lanza was treated by Robert King, who recommended extensive support be put in place and prescribed the antidepressant Celexa.

According to the Office of the Child Advocate in (November 2014). He took the medication for three days. His mother Nancy reported: “On the third morning he complained of dizziness. By that afternoon he was disoriented, his speech was disjointed, he couldn’t even figure out how to open his cereal box. He was sweating profusely it was actually dripping off his hands. He said he couldn’t think. He was practically vegetative”. He never took the medication again. According to Yale (January, 2014). The Office of the Child Advocate found that Yale’s recommendations for extensive special education supports, ongoing expert consultation, and rigorous therapeutic supports embedded into (Adam Lanza’s) daily life went largely unheeded.

The key traits that are connected with helpful mental disarranges, minor mental dissipates, and hyper difficult lead have contrasts according to Jablensky, (January 2003). I believe that a man that experiences mental difficulty issues is progressively extraordinary impacting one in such a noteworthy number of logically adversarial courses appeared differently in relation to a man having an utilitarian mental disarranges or a minor mental strife according to Jablensky, (January 2003). When dysfunctional behavior happens when a man is encountering extreme and troubling mental side effects where their consistently typical working is genuinely disabled and need some sort of expert mental therapeutic medicinal help to recover. A psychological mental disorder is an adjustment in a person’s mindset and feeling that blocks their capacity to play out their everyday exercises according to Jablensky, (January 2003). Psychological mental instabilities and mental illness have likenesses and contrasts between them. The main similitude between psychological mental disorder and mental illness is that a specialist or therapist who has therapeutically determined a person to have a disease that outcomes in the critical disability of a person’s subjective, full of feeling, or social capacities remembers it according to Jablensky, (January 2003).

Psychological mental disorder afflictions and mental illness issue have comparable qualities and a differentiations between them. The Psychological essential likeness between the principal similitude dysfunctional behaviors and mental illness issue is that a specialist or therapist who has medicinally determined a person to have an ailment that outcomes in the huge disability of a person’s intellectual feeling, or social capacities remembers.

According to American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The difference between the characterizations associated with the functional of mental illness issue is otherwise called psychiatric mental nosology or mental scientific categorization. It speaks to a key part of psychiatry and other emotional well-being callings and is a critical issue for individuals who might be analyzed. There are as of now two broadly settled frameworks for grouping mental disorders. Psychopathology mental sickness and its causes, procedures, advancement, and outcomes.” Early clarifications for dysfunctional behaviors were affected by religious conviction and superstition. Craziness or hyper scene, encounters at least three simultaneous burdensome side effects. This has caused some theory, among clinicians, that lunacy and sorrow. Bipolar turmoil, recently known as hyper sorrow, is a psychological mental issue that causes times of misery and times of unusually raised state of mind. Schizophrenia (divert from Schizophrenia and savagery) and enthusiastic articulation, and absence of inspiration. Individuals with schizophrenia regularly have extra emotional well-being issues, for example, nervousness, burdensome.


The American Heritage Stedman’s Medical Dictionary, Second Edition (2004) by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th Ed.). Arlington: American Psychiatric Publishing. pp. 101–5. ISBN 978-0-89042-555-8.

Any Mental Illness (AMI) Among U.S. Adults. National Institute of Mental Health. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Archived from the original on (7 April 2017). Retrieved (28 April 2017).

Kendell, R.; Jablensky, A (January 2003). “Distinguishing Between the Validity and Utility of Psychiatric Diagnoses”. American Journal of Psychiatry. 160 (1): 4–12

Natasha Tracy and Harry Crofton MD, (20 May 2018). Healthy Place. Retrieved from:

Office of the Child Advocate, 2014, p.7.

Report of the Office of the Child Advocate, p.9, section 36

Yale Daily News. January 22, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014.