ECE 313 Collaboration with Family and Community
Scenario: Lisa often gets frustrated when trying to play with other children. She takes toys from their hands and even hits children with the toy.
When working in an early childhood environment, knowing how to approach a variety of behavioral issues is important for educators. There are many different discipline and teaching methods that can be used to help address behavioral issues of young children within the classroom and at home. The combination methods of verbal reprimand, time out, response cost, and High Scope are some discipline and teaching methods that can be used to help educators and parents address these situations with the children.
The first disciplinary method to use would be verbal reprimand. Verbal reprimand is when you speak to the child one-on-one about their inappropriate behavior (Wardle, 2013). The behavior of Lisa becoming frustrated while playing with the children and her aggressive behavior of taking away toys and hitting her friends should be immediately addressed. When delivering a verbal reprimand it should be in a calm manner with direct eye contact. Lisa would be removed from the other children and spoken to about how to share and take turns while playing with the toys. We will discuss why it is inappropriate to hit our friends, read books about no hitting and also review one of our classroom golden rules of “keeping your hands, your feet, and your teeth to yourself”. Teaching children empathy through understanding that their actions can hurt someone is important for children to understand their inappropriate behavior. According to Anderson (2018) all children want the opportunity to do well and become productive citizens with the help of caring people within their lives. Lisa will be observed and given the opportunity to show that she can make good choices when playing with her friends and she can be rewarded with stickers, smiles or high-fives.
The second disciplinary method to use would be time out. Time out is “a discipline procedure that removes a child from an activity and places the child in a boring, neutral environment for a short period of time” (Wardle, 2013). This discipline method can also be used if Lisa continues to display inappropriate behavior towards the other children. Donaldson & Vollmer (2011) states, “time out commonly is used in schools and homes and has proven to be effective across various topographies of behavior and in many different settings”. In the classroom there is a special area in the library designated for time outs. I have places a table and two chairs, where Lisa will be go to sit in the “thinking chairs” for a short time span of three minutes. According to Linsin (2012) “time out gives a child time alone to reflect on his or her mistakes”. I will observe Lisa as she is sitting in the “thinking chair” during her time span of three minutes. We will have a discussion about her inappropriate behavior and then I will give her verbal praises to let her know she did a great job of going to time out as I asked, she sat quietly the whole time, and she may return back to playing with her friends.
The third disciplinary method to use would be response cost. According to Webster (2019) “response cost is the term used for removing reinforcement for an undesirable or disruptive behavior”. Lisa’s negative behavior shows that she does not want to share, she is aggressive towards her friends, and therefore she cannot play with the toys. Anderson (2018) states “consequences can stop misbehavior in the moment and can get students back on track”. Taking the toys away from Lisa will show her that the aggressive behavior of taking toys away and hitting her friends is unacceptable and will not be tolerated. Lisa will soon realize that losing her privilege to play with the toys have consequences to her inappropriate behavior. Lisa can regain her privilege by making good choices of sharing and getting along with her friends.
All educators have different teaching methods that they use to implement within their classrooms. The teaching method I would use is the high scope approach also known as the HighScope Perry Preschool Project. The high scope “is uniquely designed to provide a rich academic foundation while promoting independence, decision making, cooperation, and problem solving in young children. It includes learning objectives, effective adult interaction strategies, and assessment measures that help programs ensure a high-quality experience for all learners”. (HighScope Educational Research Foundation, 2020). As in our example with Lisa, who struggles with showing aggressive behavior towards her friends by implementing the high scope method it will encourage her to learn through hands on activities on how to play with her friends under the guidance of the teachers.
I will create an effective partnership with my parents to address discipline by keep an open line of communication and sending home weekly progress reports. I will remind the parents about our open door policy and feel free to come to school to talk about any issues or concerns they may have regarding Lisa’s behavior. I will provide literature and strategies to help the parents with addressing Lisa’s inappropriate behavior. We will work as a team to create a plan of action that will help address any complications in dealing with Lisa’s aggressive behavior in the classroom or home environment.
An obstacle I may encounter when implementing my discipline plan is the parents taking offense or being in denial of their child’s behavior. Some parents believe their children are not capable of displaying aggressive behaviors of hitting, kicking, biting etc. When sharing these aggressive behaviors with some parents they become frustrated because of feeling as though they are being accused of being “bad parents”. When parents are in denial they are not helpful with enforcing at home a discipline method for aggressive behaviors and the child will continue to display the behavior and eventually be removed from the school.
I will address the obstacle by scheduling a conference with my parents and the director regarding Lisa’s aggressive behavior. I will explain to the parents that all children display different behaviors around others. I will remind the parent about our open door policy and invite them to come observe their child during circle time or free play to see how they interact with their friends and teachers.
Anderson, M. (2018). Getting consistent with consequences. Educational Leadership, 76(1), 26-33. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.proxy-library.ashford.edu
Donaldson, J. & Vollmer, T. (2011). An evaluation and comparison of time-out procedures with and without release contingencies. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44(4), 693-705. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ964426
HighScope Educational Research Foundation. (2020). Curriculum. HighScope. Retrieved from https://highscope.org/our-practice/curriculum
Linsin, M. (2011). The purpose of time-out. Retrieved from http://smartclassroommanagement.com/2012/08/25/the-purpose-of-time-out.
Wardle, F. (2013). Collaboration with families and communities [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://constent.ashford.edu
Webster, J. (2019) How response cost is used in school behavior management. ThoughtCo. Retrieved from http://thoughtco.com/response-cost-in-behavior-management.