FINAL PROJECT – PowerPoint Presentation


Understanding Behavior & Family Dynamics ECE 355

Providing children with positive parenting is essential for their over all growth,development and well being. According to Hoghughi (1998), parents provide care to protect them from harm, set and enforce boundaries, and encourage them to learn new skills. As parents we also can provide positive parenting for the children by making ourselves available, building bonds, and meeting their needs. Parents can become available to the children by limiting theirtablet, cell phone usage, and let their children know that they care and they are very important to them. Parents can build bonds with the children by participating in activities that the children enjoy such as basketball, soccer, ballet or watching their favorite movie. Parents can meet their children’s needby talking to them and asks what do they need or want, and observe your child to see if they need to learn new skills such as putting on jacket, managing their emotions or doing homework.


Wardle & Fitzpatrick (2016) states, the traditional family included “married partners and children residing in the household” (1.1). Family consists of an individual with a child or parents with children living together sharing a bond of love, trust, and communication. National Resource Center for FamilyCentered Practice (2019) states, “family centered practice is based upon the belief that the best way to meet a person’s needs is within their families and that the most effective way to ensure safety permanency, and well-being is to provide services that engage, involve, strengthen, and support families.” I willsupport, create and maintain a partnership with my families by talking (and listening to them) and finding out their specific needs and wants; being patient and respectful; having resources readily available for them when it’s needed; and guide and encourage positive choices they provide for the overall well being of the children.


All of the changes to the idea of family have led to evolutions in traditionalgender roles, so balancing family and work responsibilities often requiresthat two-parent families challenge traditional gender roles and learn ways tobe more flexible and efficient (Wardle & Fitzpatrick, 2016). I grew up in a single parent household with my mother and three siblings. My mother wastook care of the household and was the sole provider for us. Today there are more fathers staying home to care for the children, unmarried couples living,and same sex parenting providing a loving and nurturing environment (Morman, 2015). Another way parenting has changed is parents rely on too much technology. Computers, tablets, phones, video systems and games almost every child has access to one or all. There are some parents, who give their children these devices for educational purpose and then there are parents that don’t. Today the parents would just rather talk to the child on the phone instead of having face to face conversations (Ghose, 2013). 


Authoritarian parents attempts to shape, control the behavior of the child with a set in standard of conduct. The parent demands obedience and favors punitive punishment if the child doesn’t meet their expectations (Baumrid, 1966). Authoritative parents are warm but firm. They encourage their child to be independent but maintain limitation and control onto some of their actions. The parents are willing to listen and take into considerationtheir child’s opinions (Kopko, 2007). Permissive Parents attempts to behave in a nonpunitive, acceptant manner towards the child’s desires and actions. the parent consults with the child about decisions, gives explanations for family rules and makes few demands for orderly behavior ( Baumrid, 1966).Uninvolved parents are not warm and don’t place demands on the children.The parents are indifferent to the child’s needs, whereabouts, and minimize their Interaction time with their children (Kopko, 2007).


While it is not unusual for grandparents to take active roles in the lives of their grandchildren, occasionally they are called upon to take direct responsibilityfor them. The grandparents can help their adult children with parenting advice,child care, and financial support (Wardle & Fitzpatrick, 2016). The parents can havethe grandparents influence the grandchildren’s lives by showing additional support,love, and friendship; being a part of the growing children’s lives and being able toshare in their experiences and successes-large or small; educating them about thefamily’s history and origins; teaching family traditions first hand; sharing storiesfrom their parent’s past; and helping develop a positive attitude about aging andallowing them to gain a better understanding of the life process (Newman, 2005).Wise parents encourages strong relationships between grandparents and grandchildren through letters, phone calls videos, and personal contact where, possible all build bonds of love and friendship because grandparents need their children and grandchildren as well (Olsen, Taylor & Taylor, 2000).


Individualized parent training that focuses on the strengths of a family can be aEffective resource for parents (Wardle & Fitzpatrick, 2016). Helping the parents or caregivers with strategies would give them a sense of understanding their child needs and how to interact with them. The first strategy would be build partnerships with early intervention and child welfare systems (Knitzer & Lefkowitz, 2006). I will provide the parents with information on applying for assistance such as Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), Food Stamps, and Medicaid to help the parents provide for the children (AARP, 2005). The second strategy would be to implement parenting curricula and informal support groups designed for higher-risk families (Knitzer & Lefkowitz, 2006). I would provide my parents a copy of the monthly curriculum. My offering this would help the parents feel relaxed, joyful and positive about their relationship with their children. The children and parents work together the parents will notice that their jobs can be very exciting and rewarding as they teach responsibilities and respect to their children.


Poverty is defined as not having enough material possessions or income for a person’s need. Poverty is a multifaceted concept, this can affect parents and their children socially and economically (Wikipedia, n. d.). Children who are surrounded by the worries of their parents’ lack of stabilities can cause them to beangry, withdrawn, and give up. One way I will support my children in the classroomby making it a stress-free-zone (We Are Teachers, 2019). We will listen to music while doing yoga exercises in the morning and afternoon. According to We Are Teachers (2019), another way I can support the children is to “treat your class likefamily.” Develop a relationship with the children by talking with them and getting to know them individually (Megan, n.d.). I will also provide my parents information on family support services such physical/mental health, respite careand parent connections to help with the providing of the well-being of the children.


I believe that parenting is dictated by culture because each family has their own set ofbeliefs and values as to how they should or shouldn’t discipline their children. The article show that parents from different cultural backgrounds have similar valuesabout how children should behave and how parents should address the misbehavior(Lubell, Lofton & Singer, 2008). One way I can be sensitive to the cultural needs of my families is assess my own behavior. If the families cultures differs from that of my own I must be sensitive to the differences in attitudes that my occur in the classroom. The second way is getting to know the children as individuals. Learn about hobbies and interest of the children that can make an enriched culturalclassroom. The third way is to invite the parents or community members to comeshare about their culture (Slinkman, 2016).


There are several positive strategies to us to foster inclusion of all family structures.One strategy is to emphasize the importance of family by letting the children know that every family is valuable and important and we must respect those values. The Second strategy is to allow the children to notice and talk about difference by letting Them observe and ask questions about race, gender and family structure differences.The third strategy would be to include a variety of diverse books on all types offamilies. The last strategy is to invite family members to share with the class about their heritage or a favorite meal they like to cook (Flavin, 2018).


In dual-earner families, parents find a variety of ways to juggle family and work responsibilities and their roles as caretakers. Parents need to constantly makechoices to balance out careers and parenting responsibilities by scaling back, and limiting work hours and let family obligations take over precedence over work and career (Wardle & Fitzpatrick, 2016).My first strategy would be schedule family time. Make sure to establish quality family time. Purchase a calendar and write in the dates family fun …movienight game night or cooking. The second strategy would be to share your work experience with your children. Talk to your children about what you do at work and let know that they are the love of your life and your job is also important as well


“According to the U.S. Census Bureau, families rely on a patchwork of child careServices to meet their work and family needs” (Wardle & Ftizpatrick, 2016, 7.2). The parents have several options to choose when deciding where to place the Children for care. Some of these options are family child care homes, childcare centers, and in-home care. (Finding quality car for your child, n.d.) . Allcenters need to provide a clean, safe, loving, secure, and respectful environment and for the children. The classrooms will have age appropriate toys, curriculum and activities to meet the social/emotional, cognitive, andphysical needs of the children. The center should do a thorough background checksAnd finger printing on their staff (Finding quality care for your child, n.d.). Quality childcare encourages children to actively explore, question, experiment, and problem solve in their environment.


Providing children with positive parenting is essential for their over all growth,development and well being. According to Hoghughi (1998), parents provide care to protect them from harm, set and enforce boundaries, and encourage them to learn new skills. As parents we also can provide positive parenting for the children by making ourselves available, building bonds, and meeting their needs. My classroom is tolerant, supportive, and encouraging to all families.


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Megan, (2010). 8 tips to create a stress-free learning environment. Retrieved from to- create-a-stress-free-learning-environmentMorman, E. (2015). 25 years of parenting: A look back and ahead. Retrieved from issues-tips/25-years-parenting-look-back-aheadNational Resources Center for Families Center Practices. (2019). “What is family Centered Practices?”. Retrieved from https://clas.uiowa.ed/nrcfcp/what-familily-centered-practice (Link to external site) Newman, S. (2005). Keeping grandparents connected: It’s a parent’s job. Retrieved from, A., (2016). 5 ways to help create a culturally sensitive classroom. Retrieved from, F., & Fitzpatrick, T (2016). Children and families: Understanding behavior and dynamics. Retrieved from are teachers. (2016). 5 ways to build a strong relationship with students affected by poverty. Retrieved from htps://www.weareteachers.cmWikipedia (n.d.). Retrieved from