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Philosophy of Multicultural Education

Name of studentCourse NameInstructorDate

Philosophy of multicultural education

Diversity of learnersEmbrace multicultural differencesUnderstand differences in race and genderPromote education equityMulticultural resourcesDiversified strategies

Theories Cultural ecology

Understand human social lifeHuman environmentEffects of biological and physical practices

Theories Application in Classrooms

Cultural theory: Environmental influence of behaviorEnhancing technological advancementStudents enrich their culture

Cultural knowledge


Developmental ideas

Cultural ecology

Human production

Nature production

Ideas of biographical system

Representation of cultural ecology theory

Cultural Deficit Theory

For under-performing StudentsDeficit caused by political and Socio-economic factors Eradicates negative outlooks on learners Promote integration of students based on diversity in their backgrounds

Content integration

Knowledge construction process

Prejudice reduction

Empowering school culture and social structure

Multicultural education

Representation of cultural Deficit theory

Transformative Learning Theory

Learning is a cognitive processDiverse interpretations per learnerDiscussions involved Self-reflective on the learnerDevelops mental disciplineIntegrates learning experienceCreativity and result-orientation enhanced

Types of learning

Learning new references

Transformational mind

Transforming point of view

Representation of Transformative Learning Theory


(Cultural Ecology); Putting students of different environmental background together, learning of different cultures together to understand the diversity.(Cultural Deficit theory); coach the students and teachers how to treat every student equally, eradicate victimization.(Transformative theory); develop a sense of transformative learning, promote cohesion and creativity of students through discussions.

Real Life Experience

(Cultural Ecology Theory); Students from different environmental background tend to work smarter when put together.(Cultural Deficit Theory); students who are deprived socially, economically and politically tend to perform poorly.(Transformative Learning Theory); discussions create room for creativity, critical thinking and flexibility to learning-changes.

Multicultural Approaches

ContributionAdditiveTransformationSocial Action

Multicultural education approaches

Additive approach

Transformation approach

Social- action approach

Contribution approach

Diagram for Multicultural Approaches

Contribution Approach

Activities such as; celebration of holidays, cultural events, legendary heroes, Books on multicultural education.Analysis of different culturesCultural material such as books used

Additive Approach

Unchangeable basic structureAddition of new concepts, perspectives and themes by studentsCurriculum incorporates different cultures

Transformation Approach

Flexibility in curriculumStudent views on issues and approaches is consideredMeasures the students level of critical thinking

Social-Action Approach

Focuses on actions of social changeEnable students understand and respond on social issues

Grading plan

Technological resources

Teaching plan


Learn chartsName various countriesShare knowledge about countries

Grading plan

Technological resources

Teaching plan


Learn chartsName various countriesShare knowledge about countries

Material and resources

Design Unit to Grade Multicultural Approaches

Resources for multicultural education

Website created materials available onlinePublished books by various authorsEstablished in print materials

Adaptive learning technology

Involve mediated human-resourcesDesigned to suite learner’s specificationsComprise of ; Implementation in the classroom, Distance Learning, International society for technology in education and the National educational technology standards.


(Classroom implementation); uses IT, employs tutoring principles, tutoring relies on the student’s skills and abilities as well as teaching skills of the tutor.(Distance Learning); for student selected in a database bank, selection is based on cognitive abilities, technological method of learning is web-designed.(ISTE); help students solve problems, students get timely information on areas of study, led to global diversification of classrooms.(NETS); Fosters learning productivity in K-12 curriculum, teachers guide their students outside classroom technologically.

Recommendations on enhancing Multicultural Education

Teachers to first understand the background of student first.A classroom should comprise of students of different cultures to promote cohesion and divergent thinking.Administration to come up with frequent events that promote multicultural educationClassroom discussions between teachers and students should be promoted.

Philosophies of multicultural Education

Challenging discrimination of learners based on their abilities, gender, race and religion.Eradicate cultural differences by using multicultural curriculum.Incorporation of lessons that reflect cultural diversity to enable students appreciate them.Making reforms in the learning institutions to enable learners get equal opportunities.Enable students appreciate each other’s culture and work cohesively for a common goal.

Personal philosophy

Single group studies

Multicultural education

Social construction

Teaching cultural differences

Human relations

Multicultural education success

Demonstration of personal philosophies on multicultural education.

Application of multicultural education to K-12 Curriculum

Providing a platform to detect issues affecting education system.Improves the education system by fostering understanding of cultural diversity.Improving technological means of passing information to students.Quality of education is enhanced.Promotes a ground for socialization of students from diverse cultures hence promoting critical thinking.

Criteria for effective multicultural curriculum

Fostering good intergroup relations between students and educators.Appreciation of different ethnic, cultural and diversified groups.Set up policies in the learning institution that identify various aspects of racism and promote acceptance irrespective of their differences.Adoption of positive attitude in their cultural differences by students.Promote programs that help the educators in developing positive expectations from the students.


Banks, J.A. (1999).  An Introduction to Multicultural Education Barker, C. (2004). The Sage dictionary of cultural studies. SageBenedict, Ruth (1934). “Patterns of Culture”. Houghton Mifflin Company.

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