Philosophy of Multicultural Education
Name of student
Philosophy of multicultural education
Diversity of learners
Embrace multicultural differences
Understand differences in race and gender
Promote education equity
Understand human social life
Effects of biological and physical practices
Theories Application in Classrooms
Environmental influence of behavior
Enhancing technological advancement
Students enrich their culture
Ideas of biographical system
Representation of cultural ecology theory
Cultural Deficit Theory
For under-performing Students
Deficit caused by political and Socio-economic factors
Eradicates negative outlooks on learners
Promote integration of students based on diversity in their backgrounds
Knowledge construction process
Empowering school culture and social structure
Representation of cultural Deficit theory
Transformative Learning Theory
Learning is a cognitive process
Diverse interpretations per learner
Self-reflective on the learner
Develops mental discipline
Integrates learning experience
Creativity and result-orientation enhanced
Types of learning
Learning new references
Transforming point of view
Representation of Transformative Learning Theory
(Cultural Ecology); Putting students of different environmental background together, learning of different cultures together to understand the diversity.
(Cultural Deficit theory); coach the students and teachers how to treat every student equally, eradicate victimization.
(Transformative theory); develop a sense of transformative learning, promote cohesion and creativity of students through discussions.
Real Life Experience
(Cultural Ecology Theory); Students from different environmental background tend to work smarter when put together.
(Cultural Deficit Theory); students who are deprived socially, economically and politically tend to perform poorly.
(Transformative Learning Theory); discussions create room for creativity, critical thinking and flexibility to learning-changes.
Multicultural education approaches
Social- action approach
Diagram for Multicultural Approaches
Activities such as; celebration of holidays, cultural events, legendary heroes, Books on multicultural education.
Analysis of different cultures
Cultural material such as books used
Unchangeable basic structure
Addition of new concepts, perspectives and themes by students
Curriculum incorporates different cultures
Flexibility in curriculum
Student views on issues and approaches is considered
Measures the students level of critical thinking
Focuses on actions of social change
Enable students understand and respond on social issues
Name various countries
Share knowledge about countries
Name various countries
Share knowledge about countries
Material and resources
Design Unit to Grade Multicultural Approaches
Resources for multicultural education
Website created materials available online
Published books by various authors
Established in print materials
Adaptive learning technology
Involve mediated human-resources
Designed to suite learner’s specifications
Comprise of ; Implementation in the classroom, Distance Learning, International society for technology in education and the National educational technology standards.
(Classroom implementation); uses IT, employs tutoring principles, tutoring relies on the student’s skills and abilities as well as teaching skills of the tutor.
(Distance Learning); for student selected in a database bank, selection is based on cognitive abilities, technological method of learning is web-designed.
(ISTE); help students solve problems, students get timely information on areas of study, led to global diversification of classrooms.
(NETS); Fosters learning productivity in K-12 curriculum, teachers guide their students outside classroom technologically.
Recommendations on enhancing Multicultural Education
Teachers to first understand the background of student first.
A classroom should comprise of students of different cultures to promote cohesion and divergent thinking.
Administration to come up with frequent events that promote multicultural education
Classroom discussions between teachers and students should be promoted.
Philosophies of multicultural Education
Challenging discrimination of learners based on their abilities, gender, race and religion.
Eradicate cultural differences by using multicultural curriculum.
Incorporation of lessons that reflect cultural diversity to enable students appreciate them.
Making reforms in the learning institutions to enable learners get equal opportunities.
Enable students appreciate each other’s culture and work cohesively for a common goal.
Single group studies
Teaching cultural differences
Multicultural education success
Demonstration of personal philosophies on multicultural education.
Application of multicultural education to K-12 Curriculum
Providing a platform to detect issues affecting education system.
Improves the education system by fostering understanding of cultural diversity.
Improving technological means of passing information to students.
Quality of education is enhanced.
Promotes a ground for socialization of students from diverse cultures hence promoting critical thinking.
Criteria for effective multicultural curriculum
Fostering good intergroup relations between students and educators.
Appreciation of different ethnic, cultural and diversified groups.
Set up policies in the learning institution that identify various aspects of racism and promote acceptance irrespective of their differences.
Adoption of positive attitude in their cultural differences by students.
Promote programs that help the educators in developing positive expectations from the students.
Banks, J.A. (1999). An Introduction to Multicultural Education
Barker, C. (2004). The Sage dictionary of cultural studies. Sage
Benedict, Ruth (1934). “Patterns of Culture”. Houghton Mifflin Company.
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