A team is a group of people who are committed to a particular purpose and can be held accountable for the activities. Teamwork becomes active when members work collaboratively to achieve the stated aims and objectives of the group, organization, or class of people. For efficient teamwork, hard work and putting a lot of efforts and commitment to one’s duties is required. Therefore, the cohesion of a group and its good leadership are vital factors in considering teamwork.
Characteristics of Effective Teams
Individual contributions of members determine how effective a team is. The members should have self-knowledge, be flexible, committed, and trust each other. On the other hand, the organizational structure should have an appropriate culture and serve a clear purpose (Michan and Rodger, 2000). They argued that an organization structure with good leadership having distinct roles and important members serving specified tasks with the adequate resources provided led to higher team spirits among workers and increasing their effectiveness. Furthermore, having a common purpose helped in the understanding of the goals to be achieved. Free communication between the members of an individual team also improves the exchange of ideas and diversification.
Division of labour among members helps to ensure that each knows his/her role in the group. Each member has a part to play in accountability. Nevertheless, the needs of each member should also be incorporated to enable better collaboration during a team meeting. However, the skills should be diversified to give complimentary skills, help in making consensus decisions, and ensures that the members are committed to a common purpose (Michan and Rodger, 2000).
Group Diversity Components
Diversification improves the competitiveness of a group. Having different cultures, race, gender, skills, and tribes can help a group to achieve the desired goals. The strengths of each member are exploited to the maximum while the weaknesses are reduced by the diversity created. The components of a group diversity, therefore, vary from the skills of each member to the culture (Jehn and Bezrukoya, 2004). They argued that a group’s diversification improves performance and hence ensuring an effective teamwork.
Jehn, K. A., & Bezrukova, K. (2004). A field study of group diversity, workgroup context, and performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(6), 703-729.
Michan, S., & Rodger, S. (2000). Characteristics of effective teams: a literature review. Australian Health Review, 23(3), 201-208.