Effects of Disease on the Health Care Industry

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Effects of Disease on the Health Care Industry:

Mental and Behavioral Health

HCS 245

University of Phoenix

Effects of Disease on the Health Care Industry: Mental and Behavioral Health

Complete the table below for 2 diseases that you have chosen that affects mental and behavioral health. In each box, you are required to list 3-5 bulleted statements regarding the heading of that box.

Cite your sources using APA format.

This section is due in Week Two.

Chosen Mental/Behavioral Disease or Disorder Treatment Modalities Cultural Beliefs/Practices Affecting this Disease Epidemiological Statistics Available Consumer Resources(ex. financing, information, support) Impact on Society
Alzheimer’s disease Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are first-line agents for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer disease, according to existing guidelines.Evidence suggests that olanzapine (Zyprexa) and risperidone (Risperdal) reduce aggression, and risperidone reduces psychosis in patients with Alzheimer disease.Donepezil Can Improve Daily Activities and Promote Rehabilitation for Severe Alzheimer’s Patients in Long-term Care Health Facilities. Hispanic and Chinese caregivers were more likely to believe that AD is a normal part of aging and that AD can be diagnosed by a blood test than the white group. Confucian cultures have a tradition of first-born sons and their wives being responsible for elder care (Janevic & Connell, 2001); people from these cultures may also be less likely to seek outside help in dealing with their family member and be less affected by the stress of caregiving. African Americans perceive less threat from AD than whites and tend to attribute memory loss to normal aging, stress, exposure to toxins, mental illness, or God’s will It is estimated that as many as 5.1 million Americans may have Alzheimer’s disease.It is estimated that about a half million Americans younger than age 65 have some form of dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease.Alzheimer’s disease is the sixth-leading cause of death across all ages in the United States. For those 65 and older, it is the fifth-leading cause of death. Websites:http://www.alzfdn.org/AboutAlzheimers/definition.htmlhttp://www.alz.org/national/documents/Lib_Best_Alzheimers.pdfFunding for research from the government and private sector Considered a worldwide epidemic.Some people have to take over everyday things, like chores, and they may feel burdened. The result can be that they may withdraw, avoiding family activities, or in the case of married people, they may end up getting divorced.The National Institutes of Health spends over $480 million on its research annually.
l Huntington Disease An integrated, multi-disciplinary approach focuses on the triad of:diet and supplementsexercisespiritual and psychosocial supportMedications are available to treat the symptoms of Huntington’s Disease, and physician can help determine whether these might be appropriate or not. Huntington Disease is a male disease.(Myth)If you have the gene you will start showing symptoms at the same age as your parents.(Myth)Right now there is a cure for HD.(Myth)Right now we are able to treat the symptoms of HD (i.e. anxiety, depression, involuntary movements), but at this time there is no cure.(Fact) It is estimated that for every 100,000 people worldwide, 5–10 will have Huntington’s disease.In the United States alone, about 30,000 people have Huntington’s disease; estimates of its prevalence are about 1 in every 10,000 peopleAt least 150,000 others have a 50 percent risk of developing Huntington’s disease, and thousands more of their relatives live with the possibility that they, too, might develop Huntington’s disease World Health Organization (WHO)Websites:http://www.hdac.org/links/http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/psychiatry/specialty_areas/huntingtons_disease/patient_family_resources/http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/huntingtons-disease/basics/coping-support/con-20030685 People with Huntington’s disease may find it hard to think clearly, answer questions or concentrate.The National Institutes of Health spends over $51 million on its research annually. Major emotional, mental, social and economic impact on the lives of those suffering from HD and their family members
Bipolar Disorder There are various treatment in the healing process for patients. Medications: Antidepressants, Mood Stabilizers, Antipsychotic Psychotherapy: Cognitive behavioral therapy, family-focused therapy and interpersonal therapy/talk therapyBrain stimulation therapies: electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or repetitive trans cranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)Exercise, Alternative therapies: Acupuncture, meditation, nutrition. Self-Management strategies and EducationMind/Body/Spirit Approaches: Meditation, Faith, and Prayer. Continued misunderstanding and Stigma about mental illnessMask symptoms with substance and alcohol abuse (fact)More African American is likely to not be diagnose and properly treatedCan have an episode 6 months prior to being diagnosed. 2.3 Million American have bipolar disorder based in part on historically higher-than-average institutionalization of African Americans with mental illness; and on previous mistreatments, Genetics – Close relatives African American are 10-20 times to get depressed than other ethnic groups http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/bipolar-disorder-and-african-americanshttp://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/expert-answers/bipolar-treatment/faq-20058042http://www.:mentalhealtamerican.netFunding for research from the government and private sector Epidemic Socioeconomic factors which can limit access to medical and mental health care. About 25 percent of African Americans do not have health insurance.Tragically, one of five people with bipolar disorder commits suicide.

References:

hhttp://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/conditions/bipolar-disorder-and-african-americans

  1. Janevic & Connell, 2001, Racial, ethnic, and cultural differences in the dementia caregiving experience: recent findings.
  2. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11405431
  3. http://www.hdac.org/links/
  4. http://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/psychiatry/specialty_areas/huntingtons_disease/patient_family_resources/
  5. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/huntingtons-disease/basics/coping-support/con-20030685

http://www.:mentalhealtamerican.net

  1. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/bipolar-disorder/expert-answers/bipolar-treatment/faq-20058042



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