Emergency Management System
Emergency Management System
Interoperability is an important characteristic in emergency management whereby all the interfaces are well understood and works efficiently without making restrictions to other systems. Interoperability has greatly improved the standards of attending to present and future emergencies as it has improved wide range of communication making implementation process and access very easy. For interoperability to be effective it has various components which lead to effective emergency management. Resources are the first components of interoperability which are for the provision of the information during communication. The resources provide communication to all public emergency agencies whereby these resources include mutual aid channels, radio system and other wide area remote data (Comfort, 2007).
Planning is another component of interoperability which is responsible at provision of responses for every discipline at any level of any organization. Planning as a component of interoperability contains communication of information to all organization and provision of control measures to the emergency. Emergency plan should contain management plans whereby maintenance awareness should be implemented for effective response. Statewide interoperability plan should have restriction on its access to avoid data loss. Interoperability plan should be able to bring other agencies plans together and make comparison. This is very important to avoid conflicts on resources and information which will in turn avoid proving the responders with wrong information (Annelli, 2006).
Funding is an important component of interoperability as the funds allows all the activities to run smoothly at state or local level. There are many initiatives and NGOs which are capable in provision of funds to state and local agencies whereby these funds are used to run the organizational goals. The finance is also used to create effective response plan to any emergency that may occur. For instance, the State Homeland Security Grant program is responsible for provision of funds for state government and even local environment. The funds are used during emergency planning and preparedness of any emergency for effective response. Agencies are also found in interoperability whereby they focus on providing the effective security equipment to keep tight patrol. Various agencies like SLERS come together with other agencies to serve wide range of people and provide responders with effective facilities for quick response and control measures (Chen, Sharman, Rao, & Upadhyaya, 2008).
How the responders and planners use the communication tools is also a component of interoperability. Responders and managers are familiar with those tools which they use in their daily events. Planned events allow also the responders to be familiar with the communication tools. Emergency or disasters depend on the knowledge and skills of the responders and the trained personnel on how to respond to different emergencies. References part of interoperability is also very important component whereby SAFECOM is well known for provision of intensive research concerning emergency responses. There various technology systems which have enhanced communication during emergency events which include wireless telephones, cable televisions, public safety land mobile radio and wire line (Comfort, 2007). Satellites have also increased the level of communication and the increasing use of internet whereby we are living in a global world.
Wire line should operate effective for disaster preparedness for immediate responses. The responders of the technology should have skills and knowledge not to create barriers during emergency responses. Technology for communications should operate any time and should be upgraded frequently to avoid communication failures. The wire line and other communication systems should be able to receive and make a call for effective communication for emergency response. There is need for also the revision of hazardous materials to create awareness on the current trends of the emergencies. There should be intensive training to get updated on the quick measures on the emergency response. There is also need for guide books on those taking the training whereby they should offer certificates after the course has been completed (Comfort, 2007).
There is great need for continued evaluation and assessment of DHS in order to check whether it able to meet the entire needed requirement. It is also important for evaluation of DHS in order to determine its effectiveness in the organization. Due to continued assessment and evaluation, there has been improvement whereby the information security program has been strengthened. Any change that is made it should be communicated to all the agencies. During evaluation and assessment of DHS some of important data may be missing whereby replacement may be done in response. This evaluation also creates an oversight for further changes to be done on the data security. DHS evaluation should be done in order to keep track with the current changing technology. Recommendations should also be done on the practices and further research done to improve the DHS situation (Annelli, 2006).
In conclusion, it is important to be updated on the current issues. This allows for immediate responses to avoid severe damages on life and property. The capabilities defined should be according to the threat and how the responders analysis the threat. They should plan on how prepared they need to be in order to make effective response. Identification of the threat should also be taken into consideration so as to communicate effective using the right information.
Annelli, J. F. (2006). The national incident management system: a multi-agency approach to emergency response in the United States of America. Revue scientifique et technique-Office international des épizooties, 25(1), 223.
Chen, R., Sharman, R., Rao, H. R., & Upadhyaya, S. J. (2008). Coordination in emergency response management. Communications of the ACM, 51(5), 66-73.
Comfort, L. K. (2007). Crisis management in hindsight: Cognition, communication, coordination, and control. Public Administration Review, 67(s1), 189-197.
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