Errors in Reasoning

Module 2: Assignment 2: Errors in Reasoning

Critical Thinking: Common Sense & Everyday Life | HUM440 A01

Faculty:

Abstract:

We all get to have errors in reasoning during our life spam. Every one of us has a different belief and opinion during a situation and we all defend them no matter how reasonable or unreasonable they really are. There are times where we even refuse to listen to a peer, colleague, and supervisor and so on that my have evidence behind their opinion. It is normal for us to commit errors while in an argument and we always want to be right or believe that we have the best things and according to Ruggiero, Psychologists classify people as egocentric or ethnocentric (Ruggiero, 2007, p. 89). For this assignment I chose the following topic to describe claims that we commonly make, “Should the use of camera phones be banned in gyms or other locations?” There are different opinions when it comes to this subject since many are for and others are against.

We find different types of errors through our life span. Some of them we are able to recognize as: Errors of perspective, errors of procedure, errors of expression and errors of reaction. Errors of perspective could be described as a partial lenses, instead of being complete on our noses, these actually occupy our minds and are disposed to to one or more errors, we could be sure that these will work their mischief more or less constantly (Ruggiero, 2007). On errors of procedure, they are a form of seeking only evidence that will confirm that they are bias, another form that could occur with this error is when the evidence is presented to you it will challenge your own bias beliefs band you will choose the best interpretation that will favor your bias belief (Ruggiero, 2007). Errors of expression are errors that occur when expressing our views to others, either orally or in writing (Ruggiero, 2007). This error is when we contradict, argue in a circle, mistake authority, make a statement meaningless, become with a false comparison, and make an irrational petition (Ruggiero, 2007). Finally, we have the errors of reaction that occur after we express our ideas and the others critique or challenge them

(Ruggiero, 2007).

For this assignment I chose: “Should the use of camera phones be banned in gyms or other locations?”

The common claims about this subject might be:

People have had camera phones at gyms for a while and there was never any argument about the subject.

Most people have not taken any photos without the consent of any individual, so why camera phones should be banned? Normally people only take pictures of themselves and not other. Some people will be careful to try an respect others privacy.

Taking pictures can track the individual’s progress. That shows the results of their hard work outs.

The errors they represent could be:

People have had camera phones at the gym all the time and there is no one arguing about the subject. (Rushed conclusion).

Most people have not taken any photos without the consent of any individual, so why camera phones should be banned? (Bias against change, false analogy)

Taking pictures can track the individual’s progress. That shows the results of their hard workouts. (Contradiction, double standard)

Because:

The argument presented has not sufficient evidence to prove the conclusion that us why it could be an error of hasty conclusion, for example there could be certain people who are against the camera phones in a gym and the conclusion states the opposite.

Should the use of camera phones be banned in gyms or other locations? Even though this very tuff topic due to everyone has his or her opinion when it comes to this topic. I don’t believe that they should be banned but there should be some type of limits. People should have common sense and obviously not take pictures of anyone else in there and respect their privacy. Maybe taking pictures in the locker rooms should not be allowed. But outside of the locker rooms should be allowed since the majority of things around will be machines.

Reference

Vincent Ryan Ruggiero (2007). Beyond Feelings. Argosy university digital bookshelf. https://digitalbookshelf.argosy.edu/#/books/1260050939/cfi/6/18

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