“Europe’s Cathedral Architecture” Please respond to the following, using sources under the Explore heading as the basis of your response:
Identify the key functions of stained glass windows in the Gothic style in Europe’s cathedral architecture. Identify two (2) differences between the Romanesque and Gothic cathedral structures, and discuss which you prefer and the reasons why. Identify one (1) existing structure (the closer to your home the better) that is Romanesque or Gothic, and explain the features that support your identification.
Gothic Style of Cathedral Architecture
Chapter 12 (pp. 407-413), Stained glass windows; review Week 6 Music Folder
Stained glass windows at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9727p6ozlYo
Key differences between Romanesque and Gothic cathedrals at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D20tG65TWic
The innovative engineering that marks Gothic architecture freed the walls of the need to bear the weight of the structure. It also freed the walls to contain glass. As the Gothic style developed, important architectural innovations contributed to the goal of elevating the soul of worshipers to the spiritual realm. Key among these innovations was rib vaulting. The principles of rib vaulting were known to Romanesque architects, but Gothic architects used these techniques with increasing sophistication (see Materials & Techniques, page 411411). Rib vaulting allowed for the massive stonework of the Romanesque style to be replaced, inside and out, by an almost lacy play of thin columns and patterns of ribs and windows, all pointing upward in a gravity defying crescendo that carries the viewer’s gaze toward the heavens.
Sayre, Henry M. The Humanities: Culture, Continuity and Change,
Romanesque buildings were small thick walled
Gothic cathedrals were grand tall building styles much higher than earlier romanesque buildings the flying buctress allowed the buildings to be built higher by properly being able to distribute the weight load resembling a skeletal structure placing less emphasis on the walls of the cathedral.
Probably the most important form of Gothic architectural art was the stained glass window. Stained glass windows are closely tied to the architectural developments of Gothic cathedrals. Most of the innovations of Gothic architecture were developed for the very purpose of adding more stained glass windows to churches. From pointed arches to rib vaults to flying buttresses, all of these techniques allowed Gothic architecture to replace the thick, dark walls of Romanesque cathedrals with thin, towering walls of colored glass.
These stained glass windows were the multimedia stories of their day. Since very few people could read at the time, stained glass windows offered illiterate Christians a glorious glimpse into the tales of the Bible. Fitting pieces of glass together in lead frames, Gothic glaziers wrote the stories of the Bible, not in words but in light. You can identify Gothic stained glass windows by their massive size as well as their shape. There are two standard Gothic shapes of stained glass window: the tall window with the pointed arch and the round rose window
One of the most important form of Gothic architect was the stained glass window. Gothic architect was mainly developed for the purpose of adding more stained glass windows to churches. They are tall windows with pointed arches and round rose windows. The Romanesque Cathedral had thick dark walls and buttress, rounded arches. They didn’t allow for many windows or light in the buildings.
The Gothic architect had pointed gothic arches with flying buttress and rib vaults all of these techniques allowed gothic architects to replace the thick dark walls. The stained glass windows were a story line. Very few people were literate the stain glass windows told tales of the bible.
Location- The Church of St John the Evangelist ( St Johns Church) is a gothic revival architect style Roman Catholic church, a parish and a landmark in the city of Orange, NJ. It has huge gothic style stained glass windows all throughout the church
The Church of St. John the Evangelist (commonly called St. John’s Church) is a Gothic Revival architecture style Roman Catholic church in the United States and a prominent landmark of the City of Orange Township, Essex County, New Jersey. It is a parish church, located at 94 Ridge Street, Orange, New Jersey.