Fire Prevention and Life Safety – PowerPoint Presentation

Fire Prevention and Life Safety

Columbia Southern University

Learning Objectives

Analyze the problem of fire in the U.S. Understand the importance of a Fire Prevention ProgramDiscuss the structure of a Fire Prevention ProgramDiscuss the five steps programDiscuss how to make the plan successful

The Fire Problem in the U.S.

In 2016 1,342,000 fire has been recorded and these caused:3,390 death14,650 injuries$ 10.6 billion of property damagesThe most common types of fire in 2016 has been:Outside firesStructure firesVehicles fires

National Fire Protection Association, 2017

The Fire Problem in the U.S. (Cont’d)

The most common causes of fire are:Cooking equipmentHeating equipmentSmoking in bedroomElectrical equipmentCandlesKids playing with fire

National Fire Protection Association, 2017

Creatifulkids (2014)

State Farm (2007)

The Importance of a Fire Prevention Program

Avoid injuries to:Employees CustomersVendorsAvoid costly properties damagesPrevent fines

Structure of Fire Prevention Program

A fire prevention program should be developed following 5 steps:IdentificationSelectionDesignImplementation Evaluation

Diamantes, 2016

Identification

Also called community risk analysisFirst step of the programThe most complex stepRequires ability, skills, and experienceIt contains several elements

Identification (Cont’d)

The main elements of the identification step are: Identification of the data to be analyzedLeading causesLocation of recurrent accidentsType of people that are likely to be affected by the problem

Identification (Cont’d)

Development of a community risk profileDescription of the peopleDescription of the problemEnunciate a problem statementPrioritizing of the issueIdentification of target areas and population

Selection

Also called development of community partnershipIt is a key element of the programSelection of available resourcesHumanMaterial

Selection (Cont’d)

Selection of possible partnersInterpretation of community risks and problems Establishment of a community planning team

Selection (Cont’d)

Community partnership are vital to reduce risksOne person alone cannot reduce all the risks Establish Mutual Agreement with other organizations

Design

The actual program is developedThe program can be:Series of commercials PresentationFormal program

Design (Cont’d)

Review data about risks and target populationIdentify places for interventionIdentify target population Identify intervention

U.S. Fire Administration, 2008)

Design (Cont’d)

Identify resources requiredDevelop the evaluation strategyWrite objectivesCreate an evaluation plan

U.S. Fire Administration, 2008)

Implementation

Phase that describes how the program will be deliveredWhen How long Where It is the step that put the planning into action

Implementation (Cont’d)

Pilot implementation Establish responsibilities and timetable activitiesMarket intervention program

Implementation (Cont’d)

Initiate activitiesMonitor progressStrategies for reporting progress

Evaluation

Last step but not the finalIt measure the effectiveness of the program It provides a tool to modify the program as necessaryThe final result is an important decrease of fire accidents

Evaluation (Cont’d)

Data collectionCompare data to established baselineDocument necessary interventions

Evaluation (Cont’d)

Modify interventions as necessaryOutcome ImpactProcess objectivesReport resultsReceive feedback

Summary

Understand the importance of a Fire Prevention ProgramDiscuss the structure of a Fire Prevention ProgramDiscuss the five steps programDiscuss how to make the plan successful

References

Creatifulkids (2014). This is why my kids are playing with fire. Retrieved from http://www.creatifulkids.com/kids-playing-with-fire/David Diamantes (2016). Principles of fire prevention (updated 3rd ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.Flickr (2007). State Farm, Kitchen in fire. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/statefarm/10994875346

References (Cont’d)

National Fire Protection Association (2017). Fires in the U.S. Retrieved from https://www.nfpa.org/News-and-Research/Fire-statistics-and-reports/Fire-statistics/Fires-in-the-USSharon Gamache (2003). Remembering When: A fall and Fire Prevention Program for Older Adults. Retrieved from CSU Online Library Tim Hyden (2011). Risk Management: Planning to Avoid Losses. Retrieved from CSU Online Library U.S. Fire Administration (2008). Public Fire Education Planning. A Five Step Process. Retrieved from https://www.usfa.fema.gov/downloads/pdf/publications/fa-219.pdf