Discuss the role of policy analysis in policy modification. Include brief descriptions of three federal agencies that support policymaking through policy analysis
A second key structural feature of policy modification is the role played by formal analysis (also called assessments or evaluations) of the performance of policies. The results of these efforts can trigger and guide modification in policies. Good policy analysis increases the likelihood of appropriate modifications. The most efficacious modification of policies is generally based on solid information, including information obtained through policy analysis. To be of most value in guiding policy modification, analysis must consist of more than those activities that occur after a policy has been implemented. Effective policy analysis is a continuum of analytical activities that can begin in agenda setting and pervade and support the entire policymaking process. The continuum of these activities can be organized as ex-ante policy analysis, policy maintenance, policy monitoring, and ex-post policy analysis. The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) reviews congressional budgets and other legislative initiatives to note budgetary implications, and provides objective and nonpartisan analyses to aid Congress in making economic and budgetary decisions. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) works exclusively for the United States Congress, providing policy and legal analysis to committees and members of both the House and Senate, regardless of party affiliation. CRS reports are widely regarded as authoritative, confidential, objective and nonpartisan. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) assists the President in the preparation and administration of the federal budget, and oversees and coordinates the Administration’s procurement, financial management, information and regulatory policies.