Terminology of the Body Systems
Use your internet browser and research the different body systems in the human body. Complete the chart below.
|Body System||List the organs found in the body system.||Define the basic function of the body system.||List two conditions or diseases that can be found in each body system.||Identify a body system that interacts with the body system identified.|
|Circulatory System||Heart Blood vessels(Arteries,Capillaries,Veins)||Pumps blood and circulates it throughout the body||HypertensionArteriosclerosis||Respiratory systemLymphatic systemImmune system|
|Digestive System||MouthEsophagusStomachSmall intestineLarge intestineRectumAnusLiverGallbladderPancreasAppendix||Extracts nutrients from foods Excretes waste products from the body||UlcersHepatitis||Muscular systemNervous systemCirculatory system|
|Endocrine System||Thyroid glandParathyroid gland Adrenal gland Pituitary glandPancreas(part that produces insulin and other hormones)Stomach||Produces chemical messengers carried in blood ,which direct the activities of different organ systems||HypoglycemiaAddison’s disease||Circulatory systemNervous system|
|Immune System||White blood cellsMacrophages||Fights off foreign pathogen invaders in the body||Lyme diseaseMononucleosis||Lymphatic systemSkeletal systemIntegumentary system|
|Respiratory System||Nose MouthPharynxLarynxTracheaBronchiLungs||Adds oxygen to the blood (and removes carbon dioxide from the blood)||AsthmaEmphysema||Circulatory systemExcretory systemMuscular system|
|Nervous System||BrainSpinal cordNerves(both that carry impulses to the brain and those that carry impulses from the brain to muscles and organs||Directs intentional( and many other automatic actions of the body) Enable thinking ,self-awareness, and emotions||MeningitisParkinson’s||Endocrine systemMuscular systemIntegumentary system|
|Muscular System||MusclesTendons and ligamentsBones||Provides structure and allows motion of body||Multiple sclerosisAtrophy||Respiratory systemSkeletal systemNervous system|
|Reproductive System||Prostrate gland Cervix VaginaPenis Fallopian tubesSeminal vesicle TestesUterusOvariesVasa differentia||Enables reproduction||HIV and AIDSSexually transmitted disease||Endocrine systemMuscular system|
|Urinary System||KidneysUretersBladderUrethra||Filters waste products from the blood||Kidney stonesNephritis||Circulatory systemIntegumentary system|
|Skeletal System||Bones CartilageLigaments||Allow movements Protects its organs||OsteoporosisArthritis||Muscular systemCirculatory and respiratory system|
|Integumentary System||Hair Nails Skin||Maintains homeostasis Protects the body from pathogens.||EczemaPsoriasis||Nervous systemExcretory system|
Strengths and weaknesses
The human body system is a very vital tool that one regardless of the lack of passionate interest should have basic knowledge .One of the major advantages to have intellect of the understanding of the body systems is ;I helps save lives that need fast proficient and special level of care to save a matter of emergency .The circulatory system can be for one a very interesting choice of considerations given that there have been higher statistical reports of death due to collapses understanding the respiratory and circulatory systems such carnage can be coerced. Furthermore in relation to the prioritized choice of envied interest would be on the skeletal system to accrue the ability of been able to decipher an fractures and how best they can be controlled .If one was to choose on the most immediate form of the highly demanded practice ,the respiratory and circulatory system would be at the forefront to help in saving lives .
Chiras. (2012). Human Body systems. Jones & Barelett.
McDowel, J. (2010). Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems Volumes 1-2. ABC CLIO.
Pommerville., J. C. (2010). Guide to Infectious Diseases by Body Systems . Jones and Bartiett.
Scott, A. S., & Fong, E. (2016). Body Structures and Functions. Cengage.