HCS 120 Terminology of the Body Systems

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Terminology of the Body Systems

Use your internet browser and research the different body systems in the human body. Complete the chart below.

Body System List the organs found in the body system. Define the basic function of the body system. List two conditions or diseases that can be found in each body system. Identify a body system that interacts with the body system identified.
Circulatory System Heart Blood vessels(Arteries,Capillaries,Veins) Pumps blood and circulates it throughout the body HypertensionArteriosclerosis Respiratory systemLymphatic systemImmune system
Digestive System MouthEsophagusStomachSmall intestineLarge intestineRectumAnusLiverGallbladderPancreasAppendix Extracts nutrients from foods Excretes waste products from the body UlcersHepatitis Muscular systemNervous systemCirculatory system
Endocrine System Thyroid glandParathyroid gland Adrenal gland Pituitary glandPancreas(part that produces insulin and other hormones)Stomach Produces chemical messengers carried in blood ,which direct the activities of different organ systems HypoglycemiaAddison’s disease Circulatory systemNervous system
Immune System White blood cellsMacrophages Fights off foreign pathogen invaders in the body Lyme diseaseMononucleosis Lymphatic systemSkeletal systemIntegumentary system
Respiratory System Nose MouthPharynxLarynxTracheaBronchiLungs Adds oxygen to the blood (and removes carbon dioxide from the blood) AsthmaEmphysema Circulatory systemExcretory systemMuscular system
Nervous System BrainSpinal cordNerves(both that carry impulses to the brain and those that carry impulses from the brain to muscles and organs Directs intentional( and many other automatic actions of the body) Enable thinking ,self-awareness, and emotions MeningitisParkinson’s Endocrine systemMuscular systemIntegumentary system
Muscular System MusclesTendons and ligamentsBones Provides structure and allows motion of body Multiple sclerosisAtrophy Respiratory systemSkeletal systemNervous system
Reproductive System Prostrate gland Cervix VaginaPenis Fallopian tubesSeminal vesicle TestesUterusOvariesVasa differentia Enables reproduction HIV and AIDSSexually transmitted disease Endocrine systemMuscular system
Urinary System KidneysUretersBladderUrethra Filters waste products from the blood Kidney stonesNephritis Circulatory systemIntegumentary system
Skeletal System Bones CartilageLigaments Allow movements Protects its organs OsteoporosisArthritis Muscular systemCirculatory and respiratory system
Integumentary System Hair Nails Skin Maintains homeostasis Protects the body from pathogens. EczemaPsoriasis Nervous systemExcretory system

Strengths and weaknesses

The human body system is a very vital tool that one regardless of the lack of passionate interest should have basic knowledge .One of the major advantages to have intellect of the understanding of the body systems is ;I helps save lives that need fast proficient and special level of care to save a matter of emergency .The circulatory system can be for one a very interesting choice of considerations given that there have been higher statistical reports of death due to collapses understanding the respiratory and circulatory systems such carnage can be coerced. Furthermore in relation to the prioritized choice of envied interest would be on the skeletal system to accrue the ability of been able to decipher an fractures and how best they can be controlled .If one was to choose on the most immediate form of the highly demanded practice ,the respiratory and circulatory system would be at the forefront to help in saving lives .

Reference

Chiras. (2012). Human Body systems. Jones & Barelett.

McDowel, J. (2010). Encyclopedia of Human Body Systems Volumes 1-2. ABC CLIO.

Pommerville., J. C. (2010). Guide to Infectious Diseases by Body Systems . Jones and Bartiett.

Scott, A. S., & Fong, E. (2016). Body Structures and Functions. Cengage.




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