HCS 370 Use of Groups and Teams in an Organization

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Use of Groups and Teams in an Organization

Organizational Behavior13/5/2019

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INTRODUCTION

Group is a gathering of individuals who interact, cooperate and work togetherAchieve a common goalSpecified time There are two types of groupsFormal and Informal Team is assemblage of people having collective identity joined together Accomplish a common goalWithin a specified periodCollective accountabilityShare responsibility

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Key differences between teams and groups

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{5C22544A-7EE6-4342-B048-85BDC9FD1C3A}Basis Group Team MembersIndependentInterdependentOutcome IndividualCollectiveFocus To accomplish individual goalsTo accomplish team goalsAccountabilityIndividualIndividual or mutualLeadershipOne leaderMore than one ProcessDelegates tasks after discussing and deciding Do/take action after discussing and deciding

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How groups and teams can be used effectively

Groups and teams are basic building blocks and can be used effectively if;Right composition Team compositions influences the overall outcomeRight size Too few or too many members can reduce performance Team motivation and efficient communication Training Team cohesionManaged conflicts Group Emotion

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Kozlowski, S. W., & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. Handbook of psychology, 333-375.

5 phases of group development

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5 phases of group development

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Adjourning stageMost of the group’s and team’s goals are accomplishedFinalizing up on final tasks and results documentingDisbanding the team  

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Strategies to build & maintain performance

Setting clear goalsEncouraging members to play and active roleDelegating authority to some members Open communicationCelebrating team’s successesCultivate respect and trustResolve conflict efficiently and timely Maintain and balance workDo not micromanage Frequent feedbackAllowing members to take part in decision processes

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How the strategies helps in engaging employees

Setting clear goalsClear goals makes employees work betterClear expectations and targets Encouraging members to play and active roleThey do what they know bestDifferent talents brings employees together Open communicationSpeak openlyShare ideas and voice opinionsCelebrating team’s successesRecognizing and praising Boost morale and confidence

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How the strategies helps in engaging employees

Resolve conflict efficiently and timely Differences solved United team and good work environment Team moves forwardMaintain and balance workShared workloadEvery member get involved Do not micromanage Space, time & independenceResponsibility and confidence Decision- making processesPersonal involvementImproves individuals’ connection Sense of belonging

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Reference

Kozlowski, S. W., & Bell, B. S. (2003). Work groups and teams in organizations. Handbook of psychology, 333-375.Tuckman’s, B. (2010). FORMING, STORMING, NORMING & PERFORMING TEAM DEVELOPMENT MODEL.

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