Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

Grand Canyon University: NRS-430V

Health Promotion Among Diverse Population

The nursing vocation has always been a supporter in allocating community education, health checks and assessment to the public to foster healthful communities. Health promotion was never vital until now. The goal to better the health of all Americans is being lead on by Healthy people 2020. Their target aims to “achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups.” It employ a vital objective for the African American society precisely. In this paper, the wellness and health of the African American will be analyzed. There are five main long term diseases: cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, stroke, and diabetes which result about 2/3rds of all death in United States. African Americans are affected with the most death rates for three of them.

CURRENT HEALTH STATUS OF THE AFRICAN AMERICAN

According to research, African Americans have the most mortality and morbidity rate as a result of heart disease than their fellow Whites. Twenty-five percent of all death in the United State was accounted by the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) as a result of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in 2013, and CVD was noted to be the leading cause of death within African Americans. Among African American population, females have a greater death rate for CVD compared to men as well as white females. African American females account a 35% increase in death rate for CVD in contrast to white women, whiles African American males comprise just a 7% elevated death rate in contrast to white men (NHLBI, 2012).

African American are also diseased and affected by diabetes at a greater rate. African Americans are two times plausible to be detected with diabetes than their fellow Whites. The damage of diabetes make this groups two times possible to be prone to end-stage renal disease and amputations of the lower extremities.
Another chronic disease stroke, has a higher mortality rate in African Americans. They are 60% prone to stroke than White, and African American males are also 60% more plausible to die as a result of stroke than White men. Furthermore, African American stroke survivors are more likely to end up incapacitated and have wearsome with daily living activities (CDC).

HEALTH DISPARITIES OF THE AFRICAN AMERICAN POPULATION

long term illnesses (chronic illness) are a sequence of dilemma where one ailment often sequel to another. There are number of conduct and lifestyle selections that can establish these chronic disease, including unchecked high rate of blood pressure, unhealthy diet resulting to high blood cholesterol and overweight, as well as smoking. Teaching and coaching about health advancement and investigating poor health lifestyle are merit measures in avoiding heart diseases (CVD), stroke, and diabetes. Many health program are accessible to African Americans, yet they fail to reach out for preventive care.
According to Cheatham, Barksdale, and Rodgers, there are several impediment that stops African Americans from acquiring health treatment and wellness assistance: socioeconomic status, maleness, discrimination, knowledge impairment (the need for a physician), peer influences, and religious principles. Discovering a potent means to tackle these barriers is imperative in order to reduce the high rate of death and long term disease in the African American population.

USING THE PRIMARY PREVENTIVE APPROACH TO PROMOTE HEALTH IN THE AFRICAN AMERICAN POPULATION

Deficient knowledge in health and wellness, unhealthy lifestyles, and hindrances to looking out health maintenance education play a enormous role in the rise of death rates among African Americans. One strategy to establish health and wellness promotion knowledge to a diverse community is through wellness enhancement seminars or fairs. Health and wellness seminar enables one to work within a particular community to pinpoint peculiar needs for health promotion as well as offer fundamental education and precautionary information. Analyzing the major health disparities of the African American population, primary preventive measure is the key to health prevention and promotion in this population.

Owing to the fact that, most of the causes or affluence of CVD, diabetes, and stroke arise as a result of unhealthy lifestyles and modifiable (meaning measures can be taken to changes them) risk factors: high BP and cholesterol, overweight and obese, unhealthy diet, smoking, lack of physical activities, and prediabetes. Although majority of the current African American adults, are already impacted with these diseases, the main goal is to target the younger generation as well as the adults with health and wellness education to eradicate or limit the major health concern in this population. This can be achieved through the means of primary preventative care: goal is to avoid illness before its starts.

Teaching about healthy and safe habits (healthy diet, regular workout, not smoking) all falls under primary prevention. However, presentations or community seminars and fairs are valuable ways to influx essential health objectives to a huge society and they can motivate a society formulate better health preference. Trying to enhance health is plainly not sufficient. An individual needs the teachings and assistance to smart decisions, and wellness fairs can create an value details that may reserve lives. Health enhancement and prevention fairs well prepared can reinforce more practical health promotion activities, teachings, and evaluations through primary prevention

CONCLUSION

Health promotion allow people to sustain and take control over their lives. The nursing career plays a vital role in advocating, educating, and supporting various communities to enhance their well being through wellness and preventive measures. A diverse population, such as the African Americans, suffer mainly from specific disease: CVD, stroke, and diabetes. These diseases are caused by unhealthy lifestyles, and factors that can be changed to aid a better health. In achieving this goal, primary prevention is the key preventive measure to reduce and enhance the the major health disparities of the African American population.

Reference

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Differences in Disability Among Black and White Stroke Survivors. Retrieved July 4, 2018, from www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5401a2.htm

Cheatham CT, Barksdale DJ, Rodgers SG. Barriers to health care and health-seeking behaviors faced by black men. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2013;20(11):555-62

Healthy People 2020. Overarching goals. Retrieved July 4, 2018, from www.healthypeople.gov/2020/about/default.asp

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Morbidity & Mortality: 2012 Chart Book on Cardiovascular, Lung, and Blood Disease. Chart Book. Retrieved July 4, 2018, from www.nhlbi.nih.gov/resources/docs/2012_ChartBook_508.pdf