Hinduism and Buddhism World View Chart

20 Oct No Comments
RELIGION(S) OF THE WEEK Provide your response in this column.
State the name of the Religion being addressed in this chart.Please address ONLY ONE (1) religion per chart. Hinduism
ORIGIN OF ALL THINGS Provide your response in this column.
State the creation story that this religion uses to explain the creation of the universe. If you cannot identify a creation story for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Hindus do not have one universal theory of creation. This is attributed to the dynamic diversity of the religion. Hindus belief on creation is derived from different sources such as Vedas, Brahmanas, Puranas. While others are philosophical, others are conceptual, and some are narratives.
NATURE OF GOD/CREATOR Provide your response in this column.
State the nature of the god(s) worshiped by this religion. If you cannot identify a god (or gods) for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Hindus believe in a single true god or supreme spirit, referred to as Brahman. They believe it has many forms and it diffuses the entire universe.Most Hindus believe that their god is present in a person as their eternal spirit or soul. They acknowledge the Brahman in three expressions i.e., Brahma, the creator, Vishnu, the preserver and Shiva, the destroyer
VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE Provide your response in this column.
State how this religion views human beings. How are human beings viewed with regard to their characteristics and their place in the universe? If you cannot identify how this religion defines human beings, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Hindu do not believe that God created human beings. Instead, they believe that human being like all other living and non-living things is an extension of Brahma, the supreme Existence. While existence comes from Brahma, the independent and freedom are subject to the law of karma. The law of Karma is such that a being’s cyclical process of birth to death and back to existence keeps humans forever on the lookout for eternal.
VIEW OF GOOD & EVIL Provide your response in this column.
State how this religion defines the concept of good and evil. Most religions encourage their adherents to be good and to shun evil. How does this religion define these terms for those who practice this religion? If you cannot identify how this religion defines good and evil, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. There is a definite difference between good and evil in Hinduism. According to Hindus, good or divinity is associated with purity (sattva), balance, light, virtue, order, and selflessness. Evil, on the other hand, is associated with an impurity (tamas), imbalance, darkness, or extremity. While good leads to peace, liberation, and happiness, Evil ways will result in suffering, rebirth or even downfall into a darker world.
VIEW OF SALVATION Provide your response in this column.
All religions suggest that human beings are faced with a “problem” that needs to be overcome. What is the “problem” this religion identifies, and how does it suggest that we can overcome it? If you cannot identify how this religion defines the “problem,” or how to overcome it, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Hindus believe that salvation can be achieved in three ways; through works, Knowledge, and devotion. They believe that the problem is shunning earthly wrongdoings and possessions. A person can be saved when he looks inwardly to his soul and vows to reduce the harm to others and himself. One does not have a Hindu to achieve salvation. Salvation to Hinduism is self-realization, and all beings achieve it.
VIEW OF AFTERLIFE Provide your response in this column.
What does this religion teach about “what comes next” after all is said and done? For Eastern religions that teach reincarnation, this question is about what happens after moksha is attained. For Western religions, this question is about what happens when we die. If you cannot identify how this religion defines the afterlife, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Hinduism believe that the soul is immortal and when a person dies he is reborn and reincarnated. To Hindus, death is not a calamity but a process in existence. It is a temporary stage where a person recuperates and adjust his/her course before finally coming back to life.
PRACTICES AND RITUALS Provide your response in this column.
How do members of this religion “practice” their “faith?” What ceremonies, or rituals, do they use to help pass this religion on to the next generation? If you cannot identify how this religion is practiced, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any rituals or practices. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Though Hindus practice rituals, they are not mandatory. Some faithful practice rituals such as devotion towards worship at sunrise and sunset, yoga and meditation.There are also Hindus who practice the fire ritual fire obligation known as the yajna and chanting of Vedic hymnals during weddings. These rituals are also performed after death.
CELEBRATIONS AND FESTIVALS Provide your response in this column.
Identify one or two celebrations and/or festivals that members of this religion use to express their beliefs in public, or in private. Name the festival(s) and give a short explanation of how it is observed. If you cannot identify any celebrations or festivals for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any. Back up your statement with explanation and/or example. You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. There are more than ten celebrations in Hinduism. One of them is the Sarasvati Puja. This festival is held on the first day of spring. Worshippers wear yellow, during the festivals. This because they associate the color with wisdom and prosperity. Believers pray to statues of the goddess which are also covered by yellow silk. This is the period that children are taught to write for the first time. Their priests are also given are given the best food, while the ancestors are adulated.
RELIGION(S) OF THE WEEK Provide your response in this column.
State the name of the Religion being addressed in this chart.Please address ONLY ONE (1) religion per chart. Buddhism
ORIGIN OF ALL THINGS Provide your response in this column.
State the creation story that this religion uses to explain the creation of the universe. If you cannot identify a creation story for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Buddhism has do not have a creator god to explain how the universe originated. Instead, Buddhists believe that everything depends on everything else. They believe that current events are caused by past circumstance and determining the cause of future events.Religions in India often view universe and time as cyclical, such that all life come into existence, survive for a period, die and then are reincarnated. In Buddhism this occurs in a natural manner without the gods intervening (Coomaraswamy, 2011).
NATURE OF GOD/CREATOR Provide your response in this column.
State the nature of the god(s) worshiped by this religion. If you cannot identify a god (or gods) for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why this religion may not have one.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. The Buddhist religion system do not believe in the idea of a supreme Being. Buddhist rejects the idea of a supreme creator who is controlling the entire universe. They identify the concept of Supreme Being as a response mechanism to fear and frustration. Their ideology is that when early mankind found himself in a dangerous hostile universe, filled with wild animals and natural happenings such as thunder and lightning, they invented Gods as a personal consolation (Coomaraswamy, 2011)..
VIEW OF HUMAN NATURE Provide your response in this column.
State how this religion views human beings.How are human beings viewed with regard to their characteristics and their place in the universe? If you cannot identify how this religion defines human beings, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Buddhism regards man as one of the sentient being but with a mind stream. In Buddhism, humans are regarded to have special status. This is because they believe that only a human being is able to achieve enlightenment.The status of human life is observed as vital. Even In the Buddhist hierarchy of cosmology, Human is not entirely at the bottom. Human life is marked by all the states of experiences in the universe, i.e. suffering, divine joy and tranquility(Coomaraswamy, 2011).
VIEW OF GOOD & EVIL Provide your response in this column.
State how this religion defines the concept of good and evil.Most religions encourage their adherents to be good and to shun evil. How does this religion define these terms for those who practice this religion? If you cannot identify how this religion defines good and evil, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. For Buddhism, evil, like anything else in that religion does not have essence or substance by itself, rather it is a human description. A result of temporary causes and conditions. The concept of good and evil basically does not exist in the English context. Buddhist believe that desire is the root cause of all human suffering (Johnson, 2009).
VIEW OF SALVATION Provide your response in this column.
All religions suggest that human beings are faced with a “problem” that needs to be overcome. What is the “problem” this religion identifies, and how does it suggest that we can overcome it? If you cannot identify how this religion defines the “problem,” or how to overcome it, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. For a Buddhist salvation is possible through a process called Nirvana. Nirvana is a blissful transcending in a spiritual realm of nothingness where a person finally becomes a Buddha. There are steps that a person must go through to reach Nirvana. This is called following the Noble Eightfold Path to Nirvana(Johnson, 2009)
VIEW OF AFTERLIFE Provide your response in this column.
What does this religion teach about “what comes next” after all is said and done? For Eastern religions that teach reincarnation, this question is about what happens after moksha is attained. For Western religions, this question is about what happens when we die. If you cannot identify how this religion defines the afterlife, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. In Buddhism there is a circle of reincarnation and death known as the samsara. However, Buddhist tries to achieve salvation through Nirvana which is an end to suffering. Once attained the physical realm of a person dies and they will no longer be reborn as they have attained the highest level of enlightenment (Johnson, 2009).
PRACTICES AND RITUALS Provide your response in this column.
How do members of this religion “practice” their “faith?”What ceremonies, or rituals, do they use to help pass this religion on to the next generation? If you cannot identify how this religion is practiced, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any rituals or practices.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. Buddhism have a variety of rituals and practices intended to help the journey towards enlightenment. These are meditation, sacred sounds, Mudras, prayer wheels monastics and visiting sacred sites. Rituals are ways of communication that the Buddhist use to express the dimensions of human life, including relationships to others and to the spiritual realm (Foulston & Abbott, 2009).
CELEBRATIONS AND FESTIVALS Provide your response in this column.
Identify one or two celebrations and/or festivals that members of this religion use to express their beliefs in public, or in private.Name the festival(s) and give a short explanation of how it is observed. If you cannot identify any celebrations or festivals for this religion, offer a suggestion as to why it doesn’t have any.Back up your statement with explanation and/or example.You should have a minimum of 3 complete sentences when this is complete. The most significant days of the month revered by Buddhist are when there is Full moon or New moon. The main Buddhist festival is the Buddha day or the Wesak. This is the way of Buddha’s birth i.e. the day when enlightenment and death came to be (Foulston & Abbott, 2009).

References

Coomaraswamy, A. K. (2011). Hinduism and Buddhism. Golden Elixir Press.

Johnson, W. J. (2009). Dictionary of Hinduism. Oxford University Press.

Foulston, L., & Abbott, S. (2009). Hindu goddesses: beliefs and practices. Eastbourne, UK: Sussex Academic Press.

Lipner, J. (2012). Hindus: Their religious beliefs and practices. Routledge.

Harvey, P. (2012). An introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, history and practices. Cambridge University Press.

Smith, H., & Marranca, R. (2009). The world’s religions. New York: HarperOne.

Koenig, H. G., King, D., & Carson, V. B. (2012). Handbook of religion and health. Oup Usa.




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