HIS 105 Assignment 1

Assignment 1

HIS105: American History after 1865


After the Civil War, the United States expected to recover from war, handle western advancement, and consider new money-related structures. Regardless, its most important issues would turn around the legacies of subjection and growing arranged assortment in the decades after the Civil War. Reconstruction was, for the most part, a period of military control of the south by the northern victors. Past slaves now had adaptability and new openings, however, faced old prejudices and rapidly forming new blocks. Pilgrims from Europe and Asia came in significant numbers yet then suffered political and social imprisonments. Women continued searching for rights. Be that as it may, all things considered, America ended up being dynamically varying by the 1920s. This assignment will give insights about the political policies in the decades after the civil war which promoted diversity and “the melting pot” despite the strong prejudices.

Examples of political policies between 1865 and 1930 which promoted diversity and the melting pot

The belief system undergirding the feelings of trepidation of American government officials was the possibility of Americanization. It was announced that all American migrant gatherings should desert their old ways and soften into the “Somewhat English Saxon standard.” A few erudite people tested this thought with ideas like the Saxon standard”. A few erudite people tested this thought with ideas like the melting pot and cultural pluralism.

In spite of the power of these countervailing thoughts, demonstrations of Congress in 1921 (the Quota Act) and 1924 (the National Origins Act) without precedent for the nation’s history enormously limited the quantity of migrants allowed to enter the United States, making a progression of portions that ordered what number of workers could originate from every nation. The thought, as one legislator of the time put it, was to “closed the entryway” to settlers with a specific end goal to safeguard the continually questionable perfect that what it intended to be American was to be a white, Anglo-Saxon Protestant.

In addition, with significantly constraining the quantity of settlers permitted to go to the United States, mainly from the overwhelmingly Catholic and Jewish nations of southern and eastern Europe a real moment aftereffect of the new migration approach was to set up broad organizations for controlling the nation’s fringes, including the U.S. Border Patrol (1924) and the Immigration and Naturalization Service (1933). While the 1920s migration laws did not confine the number of workers originating from Latin America, the production of watches and the ordering of archived, the printed material would extraordinarily modify what had been a moderately liquid outskirt between the United States and Mexico.

Explain why the opposing view is weak in comparison to yours.

Opposing view

Diversity and melting pot idea couldn’t be more successful at that time. Regardless of the conspicuous misfortunes, the reconstruction of the South had some huge achievements, including two new constitutional amendments, the entry of the country’s first civil rights law, and the annulment of slavery. This positive achievement could have kept on amassing. However, they didn’t, for two reasons: (1) developing northern lack of engagement in the predicament of America’s southern black population and (2) progressively savage protection from Reconstruction from white southerners.

My view

The term assimilation is normally considered about when as a minority group incorporates into a more extensive part of the group. Cultural assimilation is utilized to describe when minority bunches receive the new culture while keeping up some of their social attributes. Americans people consider themselves that America is called the land of free. Individuals can have individual flexibility and live as they wish to. This desire to absorb is onerous all by itself and repudiates American freedom.

Culture, multiculturalism, and diversity are three essential things that make up our society. These things are fundamental since they are what make us not the same as each other. Being not quite the same as each different influence us to end up our individual and help us to discover our place on the planet. If we were all the same, the world would be an incredibly exhausting spot to live.

Embracing every decent variety can enable every group to see a different culture and the world will be a beautiful place where we can celebrate different celebrations and receive positive focuses on each other. Violation is a crime, and legal laws should control it.

Consider your life today: In what way does the history you have shown shape or impact issues in your workplace or desired profession?

In the 21st century, we can see at any workplace that all the high-profile organizations have accepted all immigrants who have good talent on the job. Moreover, they are providing work permitted by law to them so that all non- Americans can also work in this country. Today, we can see that America is become “The United States of America” which has a diversity of all culture. On our workplace, we are celebrating various festivals of the different community. Racism is strictly prohibited in any workplace. However, sometimes I have observed ay my company that the hiring ratio of black people is still less compared to white people. Moreover, on the higher position, they usually allow white people only to rule the organization. Hence, I must say that history has given rights to all people working in the united states. However, some historic discrimination is still carried by white people.


1. Meacham, J. (2017). Our historical ambivalence about immigrants is a great American paradox. Time, 189(5), 23.

2. Schultz, Kevin M. (2018). HIST5: Volume 2: U.S. History Since 1865 (Student edition). Boston: Cengage.

3. Schultz, Kevin M. (2014) HIST: Volume 2: U.S. history since 1865 (3rd ed.). University of Illinois at Chicago: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

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