- British colonies in the New England, Mid-Atlantic, the South, and the Caribbean: economic characters, similarities and differences.
- As far as similarities goes, the nature of the economy solely depended on businesses and manufacturers. Business played an important role in the establishment of the economy and so did the manufacturers (Gollin, Jedwab and Vollrath, 2016). Business was crucially vital since it did not depend on many variables. In activities such as farming, the level of production solely depended on the climate. Farming was also embraced and significantly contributed to the economy.
Lindert, P. H., & Williamson, J. G. (2016). American colonial incomes, 1650–1774. The Economic History Review, 69(1), 54-77.
- Although farming was embraced in all regions, there were done differently. Middle colonies had a favorable climate to support farming and it was done in a large scale. This translates to more production. New England adopted sustenance farming. It was also engaged in fish harvesting (Lindert and Williamson, 2016). It was enough for the family but not too much to sell. When it all said and done, this resulted in a difference in the economic status in these regions. Middle Colonies had more religious freedom compared to New England. New England had lesser slaves compared to the middle colonies.
Gollin, D., Jedwab, R., & Vollrath, D. (2016). Urbanization with and without industrialization. Journal of Economic Growth, 21(1), 35-70.
- Urbanization and Industrialization: causes and effects?
- Causes of urbanization and industrialization
- It can be said that urbanization and industrialization was solely sourced from industrial revolution which entails production of materials, patterns of labor and distribution of population. Rural areas were characterized by predominant farming activities. Urban areas offered more substantial opportunities. Therefore, the population shifted to urban areas from the countryside (Gollin, Jedwab and Vollrath, 2016). Factory work was common. Safety and policies were not enforced. Increased population in the 19th century was a result of decreased death rate. Population increase drastically improved the Agricultural revolution of the 18th Century. Most cities significantly contributed to the industrial growth.
- Effects of urbanization and industrialization
- Most factories were located in urban centers. Therefore, this made it necessary for population to shift into these areas. Over a period of time, urban centers were overpopulated. As a result of this, people had to live in poor living conditions (Gollin, Jedwab and Vollrath, 2016). When it comes to infrastructure, tremendous strides were made. Roads and railways were developed to make transport available and efficient.
- Development in transportation technology, 1300s-1800s?
- Technological innovations were necessary to make people’s lives easier during their time. Transportation has undergone numerous changes. Horses have heavily contributed towards facilitation of transport (Spence, 2009). It was in 17th century that transportation improved. Turnpike roads were first made and opened 1663. In order to use them, people had to pay. Sedan chairs were used to carry wealthy individuals. The changes that occurred in the 18th century regarding transportation are hard to miss. Wealthy people were in charge of certain roads. Canals were then dug to attempt to improve the transport system. However, transporting heavy loads was not only a challenge but also expensive. Therefore, Bridewater canal were made to particularly transport coal. This significantly contributed to industrial revolution. In 1783, the Montgolfier brothers in France invented the hot air balloon. In 1789 a lifeboat was built in England in South Shields.
Spence, B. A. (2009). Transportation in Bridgewater, 1900-1910.