HLT 205 Outpatient vs inpatient presentation

Outpatient vs. Hospital


Outpatient and inpatient roles

Inpatient and outpatient are common terms which are used in the medical field to describe the variety of care and facilities to patients. Some health care facilities like hospitals offer both types of care depending on the need of treatment .Inpatient service are provide to patients who are treated while staying inside a hospital and outpatient services are provide to patients who are treated while he is out of the hospital.In Inpatient care patient are admitted to a hospital with extended care facility and nursing home facility with long term care are provided with skilled nursing, intermediate-care, personal care or eldercare facilities.In Outpatient care patients provided services in a doctor’s office and clinic and the patient’s home or hospital outpatient department.

Outpatient services

Primary CareSurgeryHome Health careUrgent CareDental careVision CareChiropractic Care

Outpatient services

Telephone TriageAdult and hospice careWalk in clinics Ambulatory surgery CentersDental clinicsFree clinicsMobile health careUrgent care centersPhysician offices

Inpatient preadmission

Preadmission Testing includes:Diagnostic TestingLaboratory TestingX-Rays ElectrocardiographyVitals

Compare and contrast

SimilaritiesBoth inpatient and outpatient receive patients , use Doctors and Nurses to treat patients.They both use medical terminology when helping the patients and giving them best treatment.Differences:Hospitals admit patients for certain time Numbers of Doctors and Nurses in hospitals are greater than outpatient Facilities.The hospitals admit patients for some times to treat certain patients depending on diagnoses.Size and Capacity of patients are more considerable in hospitals than in outpatient facilities.

Historical times to present

Over the decades, inpatient and outpatient services have changed over the time in providing services to readmission.Building new facilities for patients depending on diagnoses and for care they are providing before it was used to couple of hospitals and was providing care to everyone with less rooms and less beneficiary services.Hospitals will focus more on reducing readmission and having to get the care from outpatient services. Before they used to admit patients on sickness which could also be treated by regular physicians.Now, hospitals will focus on diseases and prevention.Hospitals will be able to provide more care with better prevention with care. Over the decades, having a lot of patients coming to hospitals had less rooms and non urgent patients were seeing first than the urgent one.

Outpatient Statistics

In 2010 : 110.4 million outpatient visits to office based physicians22.8% of family physicians18.1% visits to internal medicine12.8% visits to pediatrics and OB/GYN86.8% of physician visits took place in metropolitan areas


Payers prefer outpatient care since it cost lessHospitals created outpatient services to decrease the inpatient incomeReimbursement increased demand for outpatient services to patients as they were discharged quicker and sickerTechnology new diagnostic and treatment procedures with less invasive surgical methods with less anesthetics.

Financial challenges

Depending on type of services patients are receiving type of illness or injury it can influence on the cost of hospital stay. In my personal opinion, some injuries and diseases cost more than average of what you pay in the hospital. Some diseases and injuries simply cost loss of average than others. For example, someone with a broken back will have a less bill than someone who have open heart surgery or other treatment. Surgeries are very expensive since the patient is billed from multiple specialists and for any drugs using anesethia. There are many benefits to using outpatient rehab services for both the client and the medical facilities. For clients, outpatient services are typically more convenient, as clients can still work and care for their families if they are able to do so.Substance abuse outpatient treatment is designed for people who suffer from drug or alcohol abuse but do not require hospitalization for recovery. Outpatient services help addicts recover from alcoholism, abuse of narcotics, prescription drug abuse and other legal or illegal substances.