Holistic Victim Restitution Plan Outline

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Holistic Victim Restitution Plan Outline

Ashford University

CRJ 615: Victimology

Holistic Victim Restitution Plan Outline

Introduction

The intimate partner abuse and the residual effects of victimization holistic victim restitution plan is victim-offender intercession, a process which permits crime victims to meet physically with the perpetrator to converse about the consequence of the crime and to develop a restitution plan, is the oldest and most scientifically beached restorative justice intervention. Restitution according to Doerner and Lab (2012) “activity of restoration of anything to its rightful owner” (Doerner & Lab, 2012). The essence of this research paper is to provide a holistic victim restitution plan outline. The paper will focus on ways to address victim needs of crime, rise of victimology, state the method of evaluating empirical data regarding crime victims, discuss victim’s contribution to crime and provide a critique to the criminal justice system’s response to victimization, and holistic plan for victim restitution.

Thesis Statement

Restorative justice or victim-offender intercession an efficient replacement to prosecution for offences such as intimate partner abuse and residual effects of victimization.

Ways to address victim needs

Victims require a range of timely support and service to heal from the trauma they experience. These components encompass the needs of victims, their families and their communities. The ways to address victim needs of crime are safety, access to justice process, provision of information, provision of support, continuity of the support offered, and freedom of speech.

Safety: Victims of crime according to Wolhuter, Obey and Denham (2009) “should get protection from perpetrators and re-victimization” (Wolhuter, Obey and Denham (2009). Crime prevention should be participatory, problem solving and restore sense of individual and community safety.

Access to justice process: According to Wolhuter, Obey and Denham (2009) “victim should have the ability to participate in the justice system proceedings and obtain information and services, regardless of personage or family conditions” (Wolhuter, Obey & Denham, 2009). Victims should have access to the justice process such as court hearing, and released of accuser.

Provision of information: Victim should be provided with both oral and written briefs about justice system processes and victim services and the information should be apparent, brief, and user-friendly.

Provision of support: The victim should access services and assistance to enable involvement in justice processes, recuperation from trauma, and repair of harm caused by crime.

Continuity of the support offered: The support offered to the victim should be consistence in approaches and methods across agencies and the support should continue through all stages of the justice process and trauma recuperation.

Freedom of speech: Victim should be empowered to speak out about processing of individual cases which is the 1st Amendment of the Constitution Rights.

Rise of Victimology Past

According to Burgess, Regehr and Roberts (2010) “argues that early notions of victimology were developed by writers, novelists and poets” (Burgess, Regehr & Roberts, 2010). They were of the view that a new active and dyadic approach that pays equal attention to criminal and victim was the best practice for criminology. Literature during those times on crime victims was relatively decimal compared to that on criminology.

Rise of Victimology Present

Victimology of today is described as more scientific and consolidated. It is established on academic background. The victimology currently depends on data gathering and theorization. It is founded on new legislation. Karmen reports that since 1980 almost every American state, legislatures passed various statutes acknowledging basic rights of victims. Among the laws are the right to be notified of the victim to participate in judicial proceedings, the victim to promptly get back stolen properties that was recovered and to protect the victim from intimidation and harassment.

Empirical Data (Crime Victims)

According to Wallace and Roberson (2011) “one of the basic roles of theoretical victimology is to collect empirical data on crime victims” (Wallace & Roberson, 2011). The main method used currently to collect this information is National Criminal Victimization Survey. The survey report looks at male and female victim including sexual and rape assault.

Victim’s Contribution to Crime

According to Wallace and Roberson (2011), “many crime victims contribute to crime through their own, carelessness, recklessness or imprudence” (Wallace & Roberson, 2011). They pointed out that the victim’s role can be a motivational or functional.

Critique the Criminal Justice System’s Response to

Victimization

The research according to Wallace and Roberson (2011) “secondary victimization is full of loopholes and some studies finds that victims’ experiences in the criminal justice system response have no impact on their well-being whereas others do (Wallace, & Roberson, 2011). Most of the responses has focused on victims of sexual assault, excluding other types of victimization. There is little known about secondary victimization when it comes to victims of other types of crime such as robbery.

Holistic Plan for Victim Restitution

The holistic plan for victim restitution is the restorative justice program which will help the victim to prosecute the accuser for the crime by reporting the crime to law enforcement. Rehabilitation service such as counseling, restitution fees according to the crime, hearing date, and release date.

Conclusion

The intimate partner abuse and residual effects of victimization holistic victim restitution plan is a restorative justice intervention with the help from the National Criminal Victimization Survey. The Restorative Justice Intervention will help the victim to meet the accuser of the crime that was committed when appear in court. The holistic plan for victim restitution is not about restitution fees but rehabilitation services to help the victim deals with the traumatic stress.

Reference

Burgess, A. W. Regehr, C. & Roberts, R.A. (2010). Ert, Victimology Theories and Applications. Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.

Doerner, G.W & Lab, P. S. (2012). Victimology. Burlington: Anderson Publishing.

Shoham, G.S. (2010). Et Al (Ed) International Handbook of Victimology. Boca Taton: CRC Press,

Wallace, H. & Roberson, C. (2011). Victimology Legal, Psychological and Social Perspectives. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Wolhuter, L. Obey, N. & Denham, D. (2009). Victimology: Victimization and Victim Rights. London: Routledge.




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