Impacts of September 11, 2001 attack
The attack involved high level of intelligence as well as counterintelligence activities which played a major role in ensuring that the Al Qaeda took control over every environment they touched. Realistic and accurate assessment of the ideal environment was successful for Al Qaeda because of intelligence and counterintelligence (Ciottone, et al. 2015). These Al Qaeda preparations ensured that the notions of the organization have been dispelled as well as causing frustrations to future decision making. This paper therefore would discuss some of the impacts of Al Qaeda attack (2001) on contingency planning in New York, Pennsylvania and Washington.
The attack caused a lot of emotional distress because of the deaths caused, the destruction of twin towers which were the New York’s landmark and also world target markets were negatively shaken. The twin towers was the New York financial district therefore the damage caused stock market panic closing for days which led to numerous losses (Bongar, 2017). The attack was excellently planned which only targeted multiple important things in the heart of Americans and it became the world wide talk affecting all businesses in Pennsylvania and Washington. The security of these states was affected because of the umbrella created by intelligent and counterintelligence used by the terrorists. These states were not safe for any business because of the constant risks including communication risks, security risks, aircraft risks, behavioural and many others. They created a challenge on environmental familiarity and airline specific events and used it as a weakness for these states.
In conclusion, the hijackers were even aware of how long the airplane doors opens which created an opportunity to crash all the aircrafts (Bongar, 2017). The use of intelligence and counterintelligence was clear indication that these techniques was calculated through behaviour consistency by use of purposive and rational strategies. All the discussed impacts caused disruption on economic growth and stagnation of all activities benefiting these states.
Bongar, B. M. (2017). Psychology of Terrorism. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, USA.
Ciottone, G. R., Biddinger, P. D., Darling, R. G., Fares, S., Keim, M. E., & Molloy, M. S. (2015). Ciottone’s Disaster Medicine. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier Health Sciences.