Psychotherapy is studied in regions of the world. Originating innovations in North America have rapidly advanced on a historical and international level. Interactions within families across the cultures and countries differ in style. Chinese, African and Indian standards are linked through the international chain of style however Western culture has remained in the forefront. Understanding cultures influence upon perception in order to oversee stereotypes and accepting the role of the therapist as cultural mediator is an accumbent rule used across all arenas.(Stevens,2007) Therapist predict that they can understand a client’s experiences not holding a light to the client’s cultural background. The reason for this is that emotions are viewed as innate and held as a universal human experience. However, emotional experiences are shaped by culture and hence are not universal. The way that cultures shape emotional experiences is the construction of self. Euro-American culture independence, autonomous and self-containment are all considered central ways of viewing the human experience. All the emotions that identify with expressing emotions such as frustration, pride and anger all are linked back to the authenticity of oneself. East Asia in contrast believe that self is not constructed as separate entity and is defined as a relational context. Collectivistic is what Asians refer to a as reflection of self.
This also is considered a fluid contrast as it can change with the person environment or relational contexts. East Asian and Western cultures do not share the believing that self is a constructed different entity and depends on the persons needs desires and goals. East Asian culture believes that expressing emotions is a way to further define and assert who they are. They are focused emotions and individual feelings. Based on the premise that human suffering is caused by interpersonal disconnections, relational-cultural theory contends that therapists must attend to this suffering through therapeutic relationships. The relationship that the therapist fosters must be co-constructed with the client in a way that is congruent with the client’s relational template. The relationship also needs to consider the cultural and ethnic background of both therapist and client. Therapists must understand the relational experiences of people of color whose backgrounds and realities differ from those of members of the dominant culture. Also, relational/cultural theorists assert that the therapist’s explorations should be experiential rather than interpretive. Listening to and eliciting of clients’ narratives become part of the relation-building and healing process. Thus, it is therapists’ subjectivity and authenticity, rather than their neutral and objective stance, that enable clients to experience a sense of connection with them.
In Western psychodynamic models of psychotherapy, therapists are expected not only to explore, but also to articulate their perceptions of their clients’ emotions. When working with East Asian clients, however, inquiring about emotions directly can often lead to misunderstandings because of the cultural norm that sanctions disclosure of emotions to others. For this reason, it is imperative for therapists to find alternate ways to connect with these clients and to validate their feelings in a culturally relevant context without pressuring them to talk about their emotions.
Argentina has a strange identity and psychoanalysis as part of a n unusual make-up. It has infiltrated middle class culture. It is not unusual to be in therapy with over 60,000 therapists in Buena’s Aires, Argentina. This is a high demanded position, and everyone is benefiting from this profession. Argentina believe the study of psychoanalysis came for the origins and melancholia for what they have lost. They believe it is easier for an outsider to analyze the phenomenon they are immersed in. The roots of the phenomenon they believe lie in the past. Argentine has always been thought of a European culture in exile certain social classes imagine being the center of the world.(Tengo,2008)
Stevens, M. J., & Gielen, U. P. (2007). Toward a glob al psychology: Theory, research, intervention, and pedagogy. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Tengo and Analysis,2008, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0rRNczyT0OI&feature=related,p.1
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