Institutionalized Racism

Institutionalized Racism

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During the 1960s in America, civil disobedience and unrest marred the country. During this time, the African-American people in America arranged demonstrations all over the country to protest the widespread racism problem that had plagued the country (Jones, 2002). This was a period when the African-American community accused the police of racially targeting them by arresting and harassing them (Jones, 2002).

Institutionalized racism is a termed which was coined by Stokely Carmichael to refer to the systemic racial injustices that occurred subtly to the black people in the American society. This was a collective failure of the police departments to provide professional unbiased services to the African Americans as they were the whites. The 1960s were especially loud and unrestful because of the arrests and the harassments that were propagated by the police on to the African-Americans.

During the 1960s, many police activities targeted the African-American community in ways that seemed unfair to the African-American community (Feagin, 2010). Racial classification and segregated in political policies and economic activities, the African-American chose to revolt. Poverty and disease, poor housing and education were also other factors that caused dissatisfaction among the African American which later led to the police-citizen crisis (Jones, 2002).


Feagin, J. R. (2010). Racist America: Roots, current realities, and future reparations. Routledge.

Jones, C. P. (2002). Confronting institutionalized racism. Phylon (1960-), 7-22.

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