Intelligence

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Intelligence

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Week 4 Discussion

Intelligence

Intelligence is the ability to interpret situations and reason according to the environment and the objective criteria. For example, a country facing a crisis requires special intelligence units to deal with the situation and react accordingly. This process involves gathering information about the place of study and coming up with possible solutions to deal with the situation. In a situation where a government requires information concerning another country, intelligence forces come in. Intelligence is categorized into three: practical intelligence, analytic intelligence and creative intelligence. Practical intelligence is the ability to adapt to changes in the environment according to your ability. For example, in a situation where one is being given a service, one should have practical intelligence to avoid being coned when paying for the service. Analytic intelligence is the ability to look deep into situations and make decisions accordingly. For example, when one needs to solve a problem that requires comparison and logical judgment, analytic intelligence is required. Creative intelligence is the ability to use what is already known to deal with unfamiliar circumstances (Piaget et al., 2005).

There are different ways of measuring intelligence. The most famous one is the intelligence quotient ‘IQ’ which involved dividing the mental age by the chronological age multiplied by 100. The method only works for children. In the early days, there was no scientific method of measuring intelligence and they therefore made judgments according to honors and awards. Another method of measuring intelligence is the Binet-Simon test which involved testing people on practical knowledge, problem-solving ability, vocabulary and memory. There are several factors in regards to intelligence, the most common ones being fluid intelligence and crystalized intelligence. Fluid intelligence involves the ability to reason while crystalized intelligence depends on the knowledge available.

References

Piaget, Jean. The psychology of intelligence. Routledge, 2005.




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