Introduction to the Muscular System

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What is this type of fibrous joint?

suture
gomphosis
syndesmosis
symphysis

What is this type of synovial joint?

hinge joint
saddle joint
ball-and-socket joint
pivot joint

This is an example of a __________.

saddle joint
pivot joint
hinge joint
ball-and-socket joint

Which joint is a ball-and-socket joint?

glenohumeral
atlanto-axial
intervertebral
dentoalveolar

Which joint is a condylar joint?

frontonasal
sacroiliac
carpometacarpal
metacarpophalangeal

In a synovial joint cavity, what structure creates the outermost layer of the cavity?

periosteum
fibrous outer layer
synovial cavity
articular cartilage

Which joint structure is organized into a band or sheet?

suture
syndesmosis
synchondrosis
synovial joint

Regarding a joint cavity, where is the periosteum found?

lining the articular surfaces of the bones
forming the outer layer of the synovial cavity
lining the outside of the bone but not in the synovial cavity
forming the inner layer of the synovial cavity

Which joint structure contains a periodontal ligament?

syndesmosis
suture
gomphosis
synchondrosis

Which joint is a synchondrosis?

sternocostal
intervertebral
interphalangeal
intertarsal

Which statement is FALSE?

The innermost layer of the articular capsule secretes synovial fluid.
Articular capsules are found in synchondroses and symphyses.
The articular cartilage lines the ends of the bones in the synovial joint.
The outer fibrous capsule surrounds the synovial joint

If you “close” your elbow bringing your forearm to rest against your upper arm, then your elbow is exhibiting:

adduction
extension
abduction
flexion

If you turn your palm over to rest downward against a table then your hand is exhibiting:

inversion
dorsiflexion
supination
pronation

Which term describes movement of the foot laterally?

inversion
dorsiflexion
plantarflexion
eversion

Which term describes rotation of the forearm and hand medially resulting in the palm of the hand facing posteriorly?

circumduction
protraction
supination
pronation

Which term describes an increase in angle between articulating bones?

flexion
extension
adduction
abduction

Which of the following is synarthrotic?

pubic symphysis
femorotibial joint
tibiofibular joint
humeroulnar joint

Which joint has a deep cup-like depression?

tibiofibular
talocrural
femorotibial
femoroacetabular

Which joint uses fibrocartilage pads to absorb compressive shock and increase overall joint stability?

femorotibial
humeroulnar
glenohumeral
femoroacetabular



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