IT190 Unit 1 Assignment

What is computer literacy and why is it important to be computer literate?

Computer literacy is a level of familiarity with the basic hardware, software, and Internet navigation concepts that allow an individual to use personal computers for data entry, word processing, spreadsheets, and electronic communications. (“What is computer literacy”, n.d.) The importance of being computer literate in a technology driven world is paramount to ensuring increased work performance. It improves communication throughout the business world by using different types of messaging services as simple as an email to more advanced social media sites such as Facebook or Instagram. By using different software programs such as Microsoft Word, Excel and PowerPoint or payroll tracking software such as QuickBooks, an individual increases their skill set. These skills prove to be essential in job security, employment marketability, and securing a promotion within the company they are currently employed with (Nathi, 2017)

References:

Nathi. (2017, May 19). The Advantages of Being Computer Literate in the Workforce. Retrieved January 3, 2019, from http://silulo.com/2017/05/19/advantages-computer-literate-workforce/

What is computer literacy? definition and meaning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/computer-literacy.html

What are some ways in which technology has affected society? (Include at least 3 examples)

Society has been affected by technology in many ways, transportation is a prime example of this. Prior to 1903, there were no airplanes within the world until the Wright Brothers successfully conducted the first controlled, sustained flight of a powered, heavier-than-air aircraft on December 17, 1903. (“Wright Brothers”, 2018) This technology grew into larger passenger propeller aircraft and finally into the jet age, opening up the world of air travel for tourism. The journey around the world is completed in hours instead of days or weeks on a ship or train. The technology of the mobile telephone has grown significantly within the last 40 years. It is almost unheard of to find a payphone within the United States or even a home landline. The mobile phone has replaced both these. While the mobile phone has provided a convenience that people are accessible anywhere and anytime, it has also has affected society that most are lost without their phone and have begun to focus more on their device than the individuals around them. (Ramey, 2018) Agriculture also has been affected by technology. Motorized tractors have replaced the oxen or horses that pulled the plow. This technological advance has allowed farmers to cultivate, plant, and harvest more acres of farmland. The use of artificial fertilizers assists the farmer producing high quantity crops. (Ramey, 2016) More land farmed and more crops harvested means more people have access to more food.

References:

Ramey, K. (2016, September 30). Use of Technology in Agriculture. Retrieved January 3, 2019, from https://www.useoftechnology.com/technology-agriculture/

Ramey, K. (2018, February 21). Technology and Society – Impact of Technology on Society. Retrieved January 3, 2019, from https://www.useoftechnology.com/technology-society-impact-technology-society/

Wright brothers. (2018, December 30). Retrieved January 3, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wright_brothers

What are some ways in which I might use technology in my career (include at least 3 examples)?

Technology is useful in the military for many different applications. The first example is a cost saving measure of using simulated training to augment actual field training. Soldiers operate a computer and navigate through a scenario from a first-person perspective, which can range from clearing a building to securing a convoy. The end goal is to enhance communication, decision making and strategic thinking. (Muspratt, 2019) These simulations can lower costs of actual field training by saving on fuel, ammunition and other logistical costs that occur when conducting actual field training. Additionally, it allows Soldiers to enter separate types of environments without actually traveling to those locations. Another use of technology in the military, more specifically the military intelligence field, is the use of a database which displays threats in real time using datamining from numerous open sources. A company called Everbridge developed JARVISS (Joint Analytic Real-Time Virtual Information Sharing System). This platform will be used to transform global threat information using more than 80,000 open sources including social media, news media, local municipality services, commercial business, and government sources into actionable information, providing the Army an enterprise system for sharing and reporting threat information and mitigating risk across Army bases and facilities around the world. (“JARVISS, Powered by Everbridge”, 2018) To assist in intelligence collection the military has moved from Human Intelligence (HUMINT) which now is about 10 to 20 percent of intelligence collected (were individuals were placed into harm’s way) to Signal Intelligence (SIGINT) where satellites and unmanned aircraft collectively receive cell signals to track, locate and transmit a combatant commander’s information to action on targets within the combat zone. (Pomerleau, 2015)

References:

JARVISS, Powered by Everbridge, is Now the U.S. Army’s Enduring Enterprise System for Threat Visibility. (2018, October 30). Retrieved January 5, 2019, from https://www.everbridge.com/newsroom/article/jarviss-powered-by-everbridge-is-now-the-u-s-armys-enduring-enterprise-system-for-threat-visibility/

Muspratt, A. (2019, January 04). VBS STE: The future of simulated training. Retrieved January 5, 2019, from https://www.defenceiq.com/defence-technology/articles/vbs-ste-bohemia-simulations-on-creating-a-cloud-based-synthetic-training-environment

Pomerleau, M. (2015, April 22). How technology has changed intelligence collection. Retrieved January 5, 2019, from https://defensesystems.com/articles/2015/04/22/technology-has-changed-intelligence-gathering.aspx