Juvenile and Adult Courts A Comparative Analysis Presentation

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Juvenile and Adult Courts:A Comparative Analysis Presentation

CPSS 235

Introduction

The evolving Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Justice System focuses on rehabilitation, rather than punishmentGault decision Adjudicating youth to the adult system.

Overview of the Juvenile Justice System

Established in 1899Made progress in the growth and development of policiesFocus on rehabilitation

Juvenile and Adult Court key differences

Juvenile CourtsChildren Rehabilitation and Reform Delinquent rather than guilty Sealed/Limitations on Criminal RecordsInformal

Adult CourtsAdultsPunishmentPlea innocent or guiltyPublic access to Criminal RecordsFormal

Effects of the Gault decision

In Re Gault CaseLandmark in Juvenile Court historyGault decision was established under the Fourteenth Amendment to the US ConstitutionSimilar rights as the Adult Courts

Role and Authority of the Judge

Review the cases of juvenileMake final sentencing and punishment decisions based on case review

Role and Authority of the Prosecuting Attorney

Civil and Criminal ProceedingsControl over waiver and/or intake decisionsHandles methods of rehabilitation chosen for juvenile

Role and Authority of the Court-Appointed Special Advocate

Volunteers Special Guardian Seek the youth’s best interest

Role and Authority of the Defense Counsel

Defend juvenile’s expressed interests Educate all involved with the juvenile’s case about expressed interests of the juvenile

Role and Authority of Probation Officers

Huge influence on handling juvenilePart of the development of treatment and punishmentAssists in the report submission to the court

Elements of a Risk and Needs Assessment for Juveniles

Risk and Needs Assessments are instruments used to help evaluate the risk of recidivism, as well as evaluating which services a youth may require.

Adjudication- Juvenile to Adult Court System

Officers make referrals of youth to recommend courses of action Prosecutors make reports of all dynamics pertaining to each caseA petition can be made to help support or encourage the needs for transition into the adult court systemAn evaluation period where the youth is being assessed and evaluated based on behaviors (investigative report) The judge has the final say in the decision making

Conclusion

Juvenile justice system first established to protect public and rehabilitate youthRehabilitation methods develop and changeJJS assesses needs and risks of juvenilesAdjudication begins with officer upon arrest and ends with either prosecutor or judge

References

Anon, (2018). [digital photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.idahopress.com/news/neagle-pleads-not-guilty-lawyer-demands-speedy-trial/article_670b3788-79cc-5628-8935-5789ed023d7e.html [Accessed 9 Oct. 2018].Adeca.alabama.gov. (2018). ADECA – Juvenile Justice. [digital photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.adeca.alabama.gov/Divisions/lets/Pages/JuvenileJustice.aspx [Accessed 9 Oct. 2018].Books, B. (2018). Buy New & Used Books Online with Free Shipping | Better World Books. [online] Better World Books. [digital photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.betterworldbooks.com/product/detail/in-re-gault-0805039171 [Accessed 9 Oct. 2018].[FKD]. (2018). Juveniles Tried As Adults: What Happens When Children Go to Prison – [FKD]. [online] Available at: http://www.genfkd.org/juveniles-tried-adults-happens-children-go-prison [Accessed 9 Oct. 2018].Flickr. (2018). Juvenile delinquents on the streets of Santa Fe.. [digital photograph]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/93416977@N00/10930345445 [Accessed 9 Oct. 2018].Just Speak. (2018) Through Dutch eyes: Mini blog series reflecting on differences between the NZ and Dutch criminal justice systems[digital photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.justspeak.org.nz/dutchadolescentlawMicrosoft PowerPoint. (2017). Background Beige for PPT slides [digital photograph]. Retrieved from http://www.seekgif.com/free-image/background-beige-405.htmlMerlo, A. V., Benekos, P. J., & Champion, D. J. (2013). The juvenile justice system: Delinquency, processing, and the law. (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall.National Juvenile Defender Center. (2018). Role of Juvenile Defense Counsel in Delinquency Court. Retrieved from: http://njdc.info/role-of-juvenile-defense-counsel-in-delinquency-court/Pbs.org. (2018). Stats – Juvenile Vs Adult Justice | Juvenile Justice | FRONTLINE | PBS. [online] Available at: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/juvenile/stats/juvvsadult.html [Accessed 8 Oct. 2018]. Pbs.org. (2018). Stats – Juvenile Vs Adult Justice | Juvenile Justice | FRONTLINE | PBS. [online] Available at: https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/juvenile/stats/juvvsadult.html [Accessed 8 Oct. 2018].Siegel, L. J., & Welsh, B. C., (2014). Juvenile delinquency: The core. (5th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Cengage. The US Department of Justice. (2018). Juvenile Justice System Structure and Process. Retrieved from: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/overview.htmlThe US Department of Justice. (2018). Case Flow Diagram. Retrieved from: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/structure_process/case.html




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