Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
University Of Phoenix
Breyer, J. L., Lee, S., Winters, K. C., August, G. J., & Realmuto, G. M. (2014). A longitudinal study of childhood ADHD and substance dependence disorders in early adulthood. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 28(1), 238-246. Retrieved from doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0035664
This study shows the findings in which link childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to adulthood substance abuse. The authors describe the association of several psychosocial problems in early adulthood in children who have ADHD. The focus on this study is to compare the relationship of using treatment medications in childhood to the development of a substance abuse disorder later in life. The symptoms based on previous research shows that the relationship between using substances such as alcohol, marijuana and cocaine during adolescent years are higher that non-ADHD peers. The gap between the actual first use and the development of the substance abuse disorder is shorter than those who never received medication treatment.
Deault, L. C. (2010). A systematic review of parenting in relation to the development of comorbidities and functional impairments in children with attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Child Psychiatry and Human Development,41(2), 168-92. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10578-009-0159-4
Here the study discusses the systematic reviews previous research in which finding the relation of parenting to the impairments in children with ADHD. This article reviews current research in the area of parenting and development in children with ADHD. The goal is to determine what parents can do to help make a positive impact in their child’s development. The author pulled apart several different research studies and compared parenting variables and relationship between the parent and child. The review shows and compares different styles of parenting and the effect on the child. They show how dysfunctional parenting enables the child to lack control of ADHD symptoms.
Lerner, M., M.D., & Wigal, T., PhD. (2008). Long-term safety of stimulant medications: Used to treat children with ADHD. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, 46(8), 38-48. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/225531707?accountid=35812
This journal article explains the long term risks of stimulant therapy how patients tolerate treatment depends on the individual and not all children with ADHD. The authors describe possible side effects as well as the risk that goes along with each one. This journal goes into detail about methylphenidate and the statistical significance of different studies and outcomes. In addition to weight of benefits and risks, ongoing safety monitoring medication intake and consistency is the most important responsibility of prescribing clinicians.
Grizenko, N., Qi Zhang, D. D., Polotskaia, A., & Joober, R. (2012). Efficacy of Methylphenidate in ADHD Children across the Normal and the Gifted Intellectual Spectrum. Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 21(4), 282–288.
In Canada, this experimental study shows the difference between children with ADHD who took Methylphenidate who had either a low IQ, normal IQ or a high IQ and the response difference in participants as well. The variables were changed and the possibility of casual relationship in experiment. The results showed no significant differences between them and explanation of children symptoms being less than children with high IQ, and the validity and reliability of previous research was in line with previous studies.
Weinstein, C. S., Apfel, R. J., & Weinstein, S. R. (1998). Description of mothers with ADHD with children with ADHD.Psychiatry, 61(1), 12-9. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/220699156?accountid=35812
In this study, the researchers describe mothers with ADHD and how parenting a child with ADHD can be difficult and viewed by society as immature but they did experimental test showing the specific parent groups without ADHD were better at performing motherly duties than those with ADHD. They describe how the failures of personal child raising is not any fault of the mothers with ADHD because the person is not capable of doing something that is normal for the non-ADHD mother. This article shows that the information lacks the ability to provide personalized treatment for those who need treatment for family conformed to the needs of mother and child working in a positive direction.