Transactional leadership is a kind of managerial leadership where it focuses mainly on supervision, organization and group performance. It is a style that the leader promotes working and compliance through rewards and punishments to motivate and counter wrong doings in the workplace. On the other hand, transformation leadership is a leadership that focuses on inspiring positive changes on those who follow Leaders of this kind are energetic, determined and passionate. These leaders are not only focused. They also help and work with those who work with them be successful.
I think transformational leadership is better because some people need a little push in life so that they can achieve the desired goals in the organization. Just leaving the vulnerable employees and punishing them for mistakes maybe they are not aware of or have little knowledge of it is not good. To be most effective, leaders need to employ both because some employees don’t just work and like to disappoint. A punishment will work well for them. Some employees work well that treating them like the rest won’t be fair to everyone. They deserve to be rewarded. This will also act as a motivation to all employees apart from working and motivating them personally (Giuliani & Kurson, 2002).
Giuliani, R. W., & Kurson, K. (2002). Leadership. New York: Hyperion.
Ethical leadership is knowing the core values, living and abiding by them in all the disciplines of your life. As a leader, these are the most critical aspects as people and everyone will judge you basing on this. A good example of this is where a leader urges not to contribute financially to the government and at some point helping the people. This is a case where the people are being urged to go against the government which has failed them and they duly elected it. The employees at this point finds it awkward since it is also like urging them to go against their own leader when things go wrong though doesn’t expect them to do this when things go wrong. The leader also goes ahead with the people and form a self-help group. A leader should always have a moral and clear stand point when it comes to such issues in the society and make their position known. Ethics in leadership is very important with this respect.
There are several characteristics of ethics in leadership. According to (Ciulla, 2013), they include Justice, respecting others, honesty, humane, focus on team building, encourages and focusing on team building, encourages initiative , values awareness and no tolerance to ethical violations.
Ciulla, J. B. (2013). Leadership ethics. Los Angeles, Calif.: SAGE.