Module Seven Worksheet Obstetrics and Gynecology

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HCM 205 Module Seven Worksheet

Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB-GYN)

Write the definition of each word or abbreviation as it relates to this chapter.

dysmenorrhea is painful menstruation

hysterectomy a surgical removal of the uterus

menopause is the natural cessation of menstruation occurring usually between the ages of 45 and 55

endometriosis is the presence and growth of functioning endometrial tissue in places other than the uterus that often results in severe pain and infertility

PMS  are a varying constellation of symptoms manifested by some women prior to menstruation that may include emotional instability, irritability, insomnia, fatigue, anxiety, depression, headache, edema, and abdominal pain

GYN is a branch of medicine that deals with the disease and routine physical care of the reproductive system of women•HSV is either of two herpesviruses that cause herpes simplex

uterine fibroids are noncancerous growths of the uterus thatoften appear during childbearing years

laparoscopy is visual examination of the inside of the abdomen 

Ortho Evra is used for a contraceptive transdermal patch containing norelgestromin and ethinyl estradiol

WNL within normal limits

FSH is a hormone from an anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and that activates sperm-forming cells

Pap a method or a test based on it for the early detection of cancer especially of the uterine cervix that involves staining exfoliated cells by a special technique which differentiates diseased tissue—called also Papanicolaou smear

Word Surgery

Directions: Read the medical word. Break the medical word into its word parts and give the meaning of each word part. Then give the definition of the medical word.

•gynecologist

Suffix and its meaning: -ist one who specializes

Prefix and its meaning: gynec/o female

Combining form and its meaning: log- study

Medical word definition: physician who specializes in the study and diseases of female reproductive

•amenorrhea

Suffix and its meaning: -rrhea flow

Prefix and its meaning: a- lack of

Combining form and its meaning: men/o month, menses, menstruation

Medical word definition: lack of monthly flow

•endometriosis

Suffix and its meaning: -osis condition

Prefix and its meaning: endo- within

Combining form and its meaning: metr/i uterus

Medical word definition: endometrial tissue has been displaced to the abdominal or pelvic cavity

•mammoplasty

Suffix and its meaning: -plasty surgical repair

Combining form and its meaning: mamm/o breast

Medical word definition: surgical repair of the breast

•oligomenorrhea

Suffix and its meaning: -rrhea flow

Prefix and its meaning: oligo- scanty

Combining form and its meaning: men/o month, menses, menstruation

Medical word definition: scanty (small) monthly flow

•intrauterine

Suffix and its meaning: -ine pertaining to

Prefix and its meaning: intra- within

Root and its meaning: uter uterus

Medical word definition: pertaining to within the uterus

•menopause

Suffix and its meaning: pause cessation

Combining form and its meaning: men/o month, menses, menstruation

Medical word definition: cessation of monthly flow

•hysteroscope

Suffix and its meaning: -scope instrument for examining

Combining form and its meaning: hyster/o womb, uterus

Medical word definition: instrument used at 12 weeks of gestation for any defects

•menorrhagia

Suffix and its meaning: -rrhagia to burst forth

Combining form and its meaning: men/o month, menses, menstruation

Medical word definition: excessive uterine bleeding during menses, number of times or amount of blood or could be both

•oophorectomy

Suffix and its meaning: -ectomy surgical excision

Root and its meaning: oophor ovary

Medical word definition: surgical excision of an ovary

•salpingectomy

Suffix and its meaning: -ectomy surgical excision

Root and its meaning: salping fallopian tube

Medical word definition: surgical excision of a fallopian tube

•hysterectomy

Suffix and its meaning: -ectomy surgical excision

Root and its meaning: hyster womb, uterus

Medical word definition: surgical excision of the uterus

Provide the correct medical term for each of the following:

•first-time pregnancy: primigravida

•first stool of a newborn: meconium

•woman who has never been pregnant: nulligravida

•lack of monthly flow: amenorrhea

•refers to pregnancy: obsetrics

•process of preventing conception: birth control

•fibrous tissue tumor: fibroma

•vaginal discharge occurring after childbirth: loch

•male or female reproductive organs: ovaries or testes

•study of the female: gynecology

•woman given birth to two or more children: multigravida

•within the uterus: intrauterine

•normal monthly flow: menorrhea

•scanty monthly flow: oligomenorrhea

•pertaining to after sexual intercourse: postcoital

•difficult and painful childbirth: dystocia

•pertaining to the rectum and vagina: rectovaginal

Write the abbreviation.

•Cesarean section: CS, C-section

•Hormone therapy: HT

•Dysfunctional uterine bleeding: DUB

•Human chorionic gonadotropin: hCG

•Nonstress test: NST

•Chorionic villus sampling: CVS

•Fetal heartbeat: FHB

•Percutaneous umbilical blood sampling: PUBS

•Pregnancy-induced hypertension: PIH

•Toxic shock syndrome: TSS

Spelling Challenge

Spell each term correctly in the space provided.

Incorrect Spelling

Correct Spelling

•salpingitis

•retroversion

•ovulation

•fertilization

•endometrium

•uterus

•mons pubis

•premenstrual

•adnexa

•gynecology

•mittelschmertz

•oogenesis

•dysmenorrhea

•estrogen

Pronunciation

Provide the phonetic spelling of the terms below. In addition, using a recording tool, such as Vocaroo, record the following medical terms. For support on using Vocaroo, refer to the Vocaroo Tutorial.

1.hysterotomyhis-tə-ˈrät-ə-mē

2.endometriosisˌen-dō-ˌmē-trē-ˈō-səs

3.cervicitisˌsər-və-ˈsīt-əs

4.cystoceleˈsis-tə-ˌsēl

5.intrauterineˌin-trə, -(ˌ)trä or -ˈyüt-ə-rən, -ˌrīn

6.lumpectomyˌləm-ˈpek-tə-mē

7.myometritisˌmī-ō-mə-ˈtrīt-əs

8.rectovaginalrek-to-ˈvaj-ən-əl

9.vaginitisvaj-ə-ˈnīt-əs

10. preeclampsiaprē-i-ˈklam(p)-sē-ə

11. bartholinitisbär-ˌtō-lə-ˈnīt-əs

12. colposcopeˈkäl-pə-ˌskōp

Place the recording of your pronunciation of the medical terms here:

https://vocaroo.com/i/s1mrpb9EWxXW

Fill in the Blank

•The primary sex organs of the female are Ovaries that produce ova and hormones and accessory organs.

•Accessory female organs include uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, the vulva, and mammary glands.

.

•List the six organs/structures of the female reproductive system and their functions.

•Uterus. Provides a place for development for a fetus.

•Fallopian tubes. Transports ovum from the ovary to the uterus and places spermatozoa from the uterus toward each ovary.

•Ovaries produce ova and hormones.

•Vagina. Birth canal. Intercourse. Menstruation.

•Vulva. External female genitalia.

•Breast. Produces milk.

•What are the three layers of the uterine wall?

•Endometrium

•Myometrium

•Perimetrium

•What are two primary functions associated with the uterus?

•Provides a place for development for a fetus.

•Contracts to push out the fetus during birth process.

•List three abnormal positions of the uterus and describe each.

•A retroversion uterus (tilted uterus, tipped uterus) is tilted toward the spine.

•A Anteversion uterus is titled forward further than normal.

•Retroflexion uterus is tilting backwards.

•What are the functions of the fallopian tubes?

Transmission the of ova from the ovary to the uterus and providing the necessary environment for fertilization and for initial development of the conceptus.

•What are the functions of the vagina?

To serve as the passageway for the elimination of menstrual fluids; sexual intercourse and hold sperm prior to its passage into the uterus; and to serve as the birth canal for the fetus during childbirth and delivery.

•Name the two hormones produced by the ovaries.

•Progesterone

•Estrogen

•List and describe the three phases of the menstrual cycle.

•Day 1 of the cycle, the thickened lining, endometrium, of the uterus begins to shed.

•The follicular phase, an egg follicle on an ovary gets ready to release an egg. 

•Luteal phase starts on ovulation day, the day the egg is released from the egg follicle on the ovary.

Case Study

To begin, review the medical record located in the Practical Application section of Chapter 17 in the textbook. Then, using the record, answer the questions below. Note: The questions below are different from the questions in the textbook.

•What complaints did the patient present to the health professional?

Irregular periods, hot flashes, and trouble sleeping.

•What does gravida 2 and para 2 mean?

2 pregnancies after 24 weeks and 2 births after 24 weeks.

•What condition is indicated in the assessment?

Perimenopause.

•What type of allergies are listed on this SOAP document?

Penicillin.

•Why is checking the TSH, FSH, and estradiol levels recommended?

To rule out thyroid disorder and get baseline hormone levels.




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