Imagine that a family friend or colleague has just been diagnosed with cancer. Explain how the American Cancer Society might provide education and support. What ACS services would you recommend and why?

The American Cancer Society (ACS) is a nationwide, community-based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem. Together with its supporters, ACS is committed to helping people stay well and get well by finding cures and by fighting back.

Critical Thinking Questions:

Imagine that a family friend or colleague has just been diagnosed with cancer. Explain how the American Cancer Society might provide education and support. What ACS services would you recommend and why?

As a nationwide, community-based, voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem, the ACS provide education and support in different ways to the patients across the country. For instance, thru their toll-free help line, they have specialist who are dedicated to providing timely responses to the patients with questions regarding the treatment of cancer. Also, they have a patient service center whose role is to offer comprehensive advice on services patient needs and community resources useful in the treatment of cancer. The ACS also, provides facts and figures relating to cancer and the important of maintain a proper diet in an effort to fight the epidemic. Most importantly, the ACS organizes community based health awareness events which educates the people in the ways necessary in preventing and managing cancer. I would recommend the toll-free help line because the patients can give their personal problems and concern to specific individual who are dedicated to answering and educated them; the toll-free help line are timely and always available.

According to statistics published by the American Cancer Society, there will be an estimated 1.5 million new cancer cases diagnosed each year over the next decade. What factors contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in Americans? What changes in policy and practice are most likely to affect these figures over time.

The factors which contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates of various cancers in America include;

The changes in policy and practices that is most likely to affect figures over time include, changes in the lifestyle such as decreasing number of smokers and use of alcohol and increased physical activities. These have the potential of reducing the incidences of cancer, as a result, affecting the figures. Also, enacting policies regulating the use of tobacco and alcohol could help reduces the number of individuals using tobacco substances as a result reducing the risk of developing lung cancer and other related cancer illness. Also, investing on tools that can help in the early detection of cancer such as the cancer screening tools will play a role of early detection of cancer hence prevention (American Cancer Society, 2008).

  • Lifestyle changes. This is a major factor which contribute to the yearly incidence and mortality rates in the U.S., these include such things like, chronic use of alcoholic drinks, excessive use of tobacco and lack of physical exercises.
  • Increased cases of obesity. This is another factor which is associated with increasing rates of cancer in the US.
  • Inadequate screening tools. Inadequate screening facilities for early detection and education on preventive measures against cancer are among other factors leading to the increased cases of cancer as it is not detected early enough.
  • Exposure to carcinogenic agents such as asbestos, benzene, formaldehyde.

Select a research program from among those funded by the American Cancer Society. Describe the program and discuss what impact the research will have on the prevention or treatment of cancer.

Epidemiology and Genomics Research Program. This program provides opportunities for scientists to increase understanding of cancer causes and prevention in human populations. EGRP is the largest funder of etiologic cancer epidemiology grants nationally and worldwide. The Program fosters interdisciplinary collaborations and development and use of resources and technologies to advance cancer epidemiology and its translation into clinical and public health practice.

Reference

American Cancer Society. (2008). Cancer facts & figures. The Society.

Molina, J. R., Yang, P., Cassivi, S. D., Schild, S. E., & Adjei, A. A. (2008, May). Non-small cell lung cancer: epidemiology, risk factors, treatment, and survivorship. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 83, No. 5, pp. 584-594). Elsevier.