What similarities and differences can you identify between the nursing process and the research process? Explain your answer. Please support your response with a peer reviewed article.
The common thread uniting different types of nurses who work in varied areas is the nursing process the essential core of practice for the registered nurse to deliver holistic, patient-focused care. The nursing process consists of the following (Process, 2016):
This can be seen in the diagram below (Process, 2016).
- Assessment – Gather information about the patient’s condition
- Diagnose – Identify the patient’s problem
- Plan – Set goals for plan of care and desired outcomes and identify appropriate nursing actions
- Implementation – Perform the nursing actions identified in the plan of care
- Evaluation – Determine if goals and expected outcomes are achieved
Nursing research provides the scientific basis for the practice of the profession. Using multiple philosophical and theory-based approaches as well as diverse methodologies, nursing research focuses on the understanding and easement of the symptoms of acute and chronic illness (Research, 2016). The research process consists of the following:
This can be seen in the following diagram (Basic, 2016).
- Define the problem
- Design the research
- Design the data collection forms
- Specify the sample
- Collect the data
- Analyze the data
- Present the findings
“Scientific integrity and the ethics of investigation transcend and are part of all nursing research ventures. Nursing’s commitment to an egalitarian application of professional standards and ethics has earned the trust of the public. Similarly, nursing research is guided by commitment to ethical standards in all phases of scientific discovery and use of knowledge. As participants in the global interdisciplinary scientific community, nurse researchers examine and debate the ethical dimensions and dilemmas inherent in designing, conducting and reporting research” (Research, 2016). Similarly, the nursing process takes commitment to ethical standards as well. Along with a team dynamic working together for one common goal; to provide optimal patient care for successful patient outcomes.
Basic Steps in the Research Process. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2018, from
The Nursing Process. (n.d.). Retrieved October 16, 2018, from