NURS 6501 Week 8 Quiz

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5Quiz – Week 8
Started 7/23/17 4:05 PM
Submitted 7/23/17 4:38 PM
Due Date 7/24/17 1:59 AM
Status Completed
Attempt Score 34 out of 35 points  
Time Elapsed 32 minutes out of 45 minutes
Instructions Please answer each question below and click Submit when you have completed the Quiz.
Results Displayed Submitted Answers, Correct Answers, Feedback

Question 1

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:      
  Selected Answer:d.Excess of undigested lactose in her digestive tract, resulting in increased fluid movement into the digestive lumen and increased bowel motilityCorrect Answer:d.Excess of undigested lactose in her digestive tract, resulting in increased fluid movement into the digestive lumen and increased bowel motility      

Question 2

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely caused by:      
  Selected Answer:b. Breaks in the mucosa and presence of corrosive secretionsCorrect Answer:b. Breaks in the mucosa and presence of corrosive secretions      

Question 3

1 out of 1 points

   
  Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine?      
  Selected Answer:a. Often precipitated by an embolismCorrect Answer:a. Often precipitated by an embolism      

Question 4

1 out of 1 points

   
  The cardinal sign of pyloric stenosis caused by ulceration or tumors is:      
  Selected Answer:c. VomitingCorrect Answer:c. Vomiting      

Question 5

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is:      
  Selected Answer:b. BleedingCorrect Answer:b. Bleeding      

Question 6

1 out of 1 points

   
  Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n):      
  Selected Answer:b. Inflammatory response to gastroesophageal refluxCorrect Answer:b. Inflammatory response to gastroesophageal reflux      

Question 7

1 out of 1 points

   
  Manifestations associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liver disease are the result of:      
  Selected Answer:c. Impaired ammonia metabolismCorrect Answer:c. Impaired ammonia metabolism      

Question 8

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 20-year-old male was recently diagnosed with lactose intolerance. He eats an ice cream cone and develops diarrhea. His diarrhea can be classified as _____ diarrhea.      
  Selected Answer:a. OsmoticCorrect Answer:a. Osmotic      

Question 9

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 3-month-old female presents with intention tremors, dystonia, greenish-yellow rings in the cornea, and hepatomegaly. Tests reveal a defect on chromosome 13. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis?      
  Selected Answer:c. Wilson diseaseCorrect Answer:c. Wilson disease      

Question 10

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease?      
  Selected Answer:a. Reflux esophagitisCorrect Answer:a. Reflux esophagitis      

Question 11

0 out of 1 points

   
  A 60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is:      
  Selected Answer:b. Accelerating the H+ (proton) pump in parietal cellsCorrect Answer:c. Inhibiting mucosal prostaglandin synthesis      

Question 12

1 out of 1 points

   
  Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:      
  Selected Answer:c. ProteinCorrect Answer:c. Protein      

Question 13

1 out of 1 points

   
  The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains:      
  Selected Answer:c. DuctsCorrect Answer:c. Ducts      

Question 14

1 out of 1 points

   
  The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is:      
  Selected Answer:d. AtherosclerosisCorrect Answer:d. Atherosclerosis      

Question 15

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has:      
  Selected Answer:d. Hiatal herniaCorrect Answer:d. Hiatal hernia      

Question 16

1 out of 1 points

   
  Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because:      
  Selected Answer:a. Permanent damage to vital organs can be prevented.Correct Answer:a. Permanent damage to vital organs can be prevented.      

Question 17

1 out of 1 points

   
  In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by:      
  Selected Answer:a. Acetaldehyde accumulationCorrect Answer:a. Acetaldehyde accumulation      

Question 18

1 out of 1 points

   
  Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing.      
  Selected Answer:a. ACorrect Answer:a. A      

Question 19

1 out of 1 points

   
  When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepatic excretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient?      
  Selected Answer:b. Physiologic jaundiceCorrect Answer:b. Physiologic jaundice      

Question 20

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 2-month-old female with Down syndrome is diagnosed with Hirschsprung disease following family complaints of chronic constipation. The most likely cause of these symptoms is:      
  Selected Answer:a. Absence of ganglia along the length of the colonCorrect Answer:a. Absence of ganglia along the length of the colon      

Question 21

1 out of 1 points

   
  Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions?      
  Selected Answer:c. EpigastricCorrect Answer:c. Epigastric      

Question 22

1 out of 1 points

   
  The nurse assessing the patient with biliary atresia would expect to find which primary clinical manifestation?      
  Selected Answer:b. JaundiceCorrect Answer:b. Jaundice      

Question 23

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has?      
  Selected Answer:c. CCorrect Answer:c. C      

Question 24

1 out of 1 points

   
  Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:      
  Selected Answer:b. Obstruction of the cystic duct by a gallstoneCorrect Answer:b. Obstruction of the cystic duct by a gallstone      

Question 25

1 out of 1 points

   
  Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:      
  Selected Answer:b. Fluid reserves are lower in children.Correct Answer:b. Fluid reserves are lower in children.      

Question 26

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?      
  Selected Answer:d. IntussusceptionCorrect Answer:d. Intussusception      

Question 27

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as:      
  Selected Answer:a. VisceralCorrect Answer:a. Visceral      

Question 28

1 out of 1 points

   
  The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding?      
  Selected Answer:a. Fecal impactionCorrect Answer:a. Fecal impaction      

Question 29

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Following surgery, he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n) _____ ulcer.      
  Selected Answer:b. CushingCorrect Answer:b. Cushing      

Question 30

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by:      
  Selected Answer:c. Loss of muscle tone at the lower esophageal sphincterCorrect Answer:c. Loss of muscle tone at the lower esophageal sphincter      

Question 31

1 out of 1 points

   
  Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease?      
  Selected Answer:d. MalabsorptionCorrect Answer:d. Malabsorption      

Question 32

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be:      
  Selected Answer:c. AppendicitisCorrect Answer:c. Appendicitis      

Question 33

1 out of 1 points

   
  An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as:      
  Selected Answer:b. Imperforate anusCorrect Answer:b. Imperforate anus      

Question 34

1 out of 1 points

   
  A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the:      
  Selected Answer:c. Cystic ductCorrect Answer:c. Cystic duct      

Question 35

1 out of 1 points

   
  Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:      
  Selected Answer:b. Location of lesionsCorrect Answer:b. Location of lesions      



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