organizational structures

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Organized crimes refer to the nation, transnational, or local grouping of highly centralized enterprise which are managed by criminals for the purpose of engaging in illegal activities with their main aim being having monetary gain. Some criminal organizations go to the extent of forcing people in doing business with them. Some gangs may become disciplined enough to an extent they are considered organized (Abadinsky, 2012).

An organizational structure provides a backbone upon which all the enterprise operations and work policies are structured. The structure acts as a foundation where the group managerial reporting relationships and flow of ideas, as well as decisions and information, are made and passed through. A bureaucratic organization is a form of management which command structure is a pyramid in shape. Bureaucratic organizations are very well organized with very high degree of formality in the way it operates. This kind of structure as several layers management which starts from the most senior management position going downwards up to the employees (Morton, & Hu, 2008). Decisions are made by the executive, and it is the work of the junior managers to ensure they are executed accordingly.

Due to the many layers of management decision making takes time. The structure also has a standard method of doing things as well as a procedure which gives it a certain level of control over the activities that take place in the organization. The employees have specialized skills and task that they can only perform and hence in employment; the recruitment is based on technical qualifications. There are specialization and division of labor in this type of structure. The structure also has firm boundaries and sense of identity (Morton, & Hu, 2008).

The patron-client organizational structure is a kind of structure which is organized by people who hold a lot of power in the society both men and women who are involved in keeping and building the loyalty of people of more humble position. Both the patron and the clients have the link that connects them as personal attachment similar to the bond of affection that holds members of a family together. The patron-client link is not permanent, and hence it has to be constantly renewed and must be renegotiated continuously. In the linkage, the role of the clients is to provide work, votes, income, widespread acclaim, military support and political allegiance that the patrons require maintaining power and position. With this link in place, the clients have access to protection and resources as well as gaining of information. The clients also get group identity and have chances for advancement (Bearfield, 2009).

Both the bureaucratic organizational structure and the patron-client organizational structure are paramount in understanding organized crimes, but they operate differently. While in bureaucratic structure there are rules, regulations, and protocols in making decision which prevents the low-ranked individuals in the organization from making any decision or step with the approval of the administration, the client-patron structure is different. In the client-patron organizational structure, the low-ranked employees and individuals are allowed to take it upon themselves to obtain outside contract, conduct business, and outsource resources without any approval as long as the decision made benefits the organization. In the case of any failure, the members of bureaucratic organization individuals blame the administration while in the client-patron structure in the event of any failure; the members are held accountable (Kopecký, & Scherlis, 2008).

Both the bureaucratic organizational structure and patron-client structure are well-known techniques in the ordering of governments or legitimate capitalistic enterprise. Both organizations help in maintaining law and order in the society. The patron-client structure lacks rules and regulations that the members are expected to follow, and hence the members can even make brutal activities as long as they will bring income to the organization. However, in the bureaucratic organizational structure, the member’s actions are limited, and they are held accountable if the perform outside the rules and regulation of the organization (Banton, 2013).

Both the patron-client structure and bureaucratic organization structure are important in helping the authority in understanding crimes. The structures help in understanding how some crimes are conducted by organized groups which are ruthless and have no rules while others Cond performed done intense research and decision from the executive leader and hence to end the crime activities; one has to deal with the management which makes the major decisions (Abadinsky, 2012).

References

Abadinsky, H. (2012). Organized crime. Cengage Learning.

Banton, M. (2013). Social anthropology of complex societies (Vol. 49). Routledge.

Bearfield, D. A. (2009). What is patronage? A critical reexamination. Public Administration Review, 69(1), 64-76.

Kopecký, P., & Scherlis, G. (2008). Party patronage in contemporary Europe. European Review, 16(03), 355-371.

Morton, N. A., & Hu, Q. (2008). Implications of the fit between organizational structure and ERP: A structural contingency theory perspective. International Journal of Information Management, 28(5), 391-402.




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