PAD 505 week 1 discussion The Craft of Budgeting





The Craft of Budgeting

A budget is an estimation of revenue expense of a future for a particular period. It is when operations are planned basing on an estimation. There has been a generally difficult relationship between the president and the congress since the beginning. However the people who founded it brought about the balances and checks system to put the struggle in place. The presidents have a hard time negotiating with the congress when they proclaim publicly about their positions in the policy. They however look as if they are not really keeping the promises they made when they compromise on some issues (Berkley, Rouse & Begovich, 2004).

The conflict between the congress and the president have been put into examination in the past years and the research has shown that they arise from two major sources which are making war using the unilateral and multilateral forces, the tension between the two powers of the president as the commander in chief to declare war and the congressional power. Another big issue that has put the president and the congress’ relationship into a challenge is the use of signing statement. This comes up because it is ahead of the balance of the constitutional power between both of them, and the fact that a new model of government is coming up and power balance in the United States may be jeopardized (Nispen, 2007).

Normally, an elected president in a state seeks to effect the policy because when they are elected, they hop for public policy and brings their objectives and goals to the office. On the other hand they need to work with the congress to accomplish the initiatives of the policy. This means that no institution between the two can have all the power to be able to dominate the making of the policy. This makes them get along because of the strong interdependence. Lastly, presidents have realized that they have to go public to get away with the need to compromise with the congress. When he influences the public, it helps him put pressure on the congress indirectly. For example, when he addresses the public, he brings attention to his legislative goals or makes arguments for it.


Berkley, G. E., Rouse, J. E., & Begovich, R. (2004). The craft of public administration. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

van Nispen, F. K. (2007). The Art and Craft of Budgeting: Fiscal Policy in the Eurozone. Current Politics and Economics of Europe, 275.

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