Apply the procedures for argumentation analysis (located in Chapter 8) to display contending positions and underlying assumptions for the content of Review Question 1.
The strategies for argumentation investigation have seven elements: claim, data, warrant, qualifiers, sponsorship, protests, and answer. The motivation behind argumentation investigation is to reveal the logical structure of the contention, recognize implicit suspicions, assess the backing a contention offers for a conclusion, and help comprehension of verbal confrontations.
A present issue that is top of the news in public policy is “GUN CONTROL”. The United States governing body keeps on debating capacities to deliver a fancied or expected result and legality of government direction of guns and ammunition. Different government laws have been instituted subsequent to 1934 to advance such control. “The National Firearms Act of 1934, authorized to check Prohibition-period wrongdoing by removing certain deadly weapons from the hands of hoodlums — congressional activity on gun control has crested after conspicuous acts of viciousness” (Gun Violence Prevention 2013).
Gun control promoters, for example, the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence (CSGV) contend that they check access by criminals, adolescents, and other “high-chance” people. They fight that lone government measures can effectively diminish the accessibility of guns. Some look for expansive policy changes, for example, close preclusion of non-police handgun possession or the enrollment of all gun proprietors or guns. They state that there is no sacred obstruction to such measures and no huge social expenses. Others advocate less far reaching arrangements that they keep up would not hinder possession and true blue gun exchanges.
Restriction to government controls is solid. Gun control adversaries like the National Rifle Association deny that government approaches keep guns out of the hands of basic danger persons; rather, they contend, controls regularly make intricacies for honest residents and encroach upon their established rights given by the Second Amendment. Some contend further that across the board gun proprietorship is one of the best obstacles to wrongdoing and additionally to potential oppression, whether by persons or by government. They may likewise condemn the idea of upgrading government, instead of state, police powers.
Rate the assumptions and plot them according to their plausibility and importance. (Refer to Figure 3.16, “Distribution of warrant by plausibility and importance.”)
Determine which arguments are the most plausible. Provide a rationale for your views.
The most conceivable contentions is that of the National Rifle Association Stakeholder. “Supporters of gun control say that the quality of the National Rifle Association in numerous states makes it about difficult to try and talk about laws focusing on illicit guns” (Schwartz 2008). The intense gathering has around 4 million individuals across the nation, a $20 million to $30 million campaigning spending plan, and a solid youth bunch rising another era of individuals.
The National Rifle Association has become the dominant focal point as the fundamental rival of the White House’s arrangement to institute new gun control components at the government level. A survey of the NRA enactment news page has demonstrated that the association has had no less than 230 full administrative triumphs on the state level in the previous ten years alone. Furthermore, taking a gander at the information gathered about enactment that was marked into law, states passed a normal of 4.8 NRA-supported laws since 2003.
Apply the procedures for stakeholder analysis presented in Box 3.0 “Conducting a Stakeholder Analysis” to generate a list of stakeholders who affect or are affected by problems in the issue area chosen for analysis.
American Firearms Association:
As noted by the President and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the American Firearms Association, “We are a grass roots association that started three years prior in accommodating the second alteration with judgment skills”. The American Firearms Association neither subsidiaries itself with the National Rifle Association or the Handgun Control, Inc.; it however, concedes that some of the Association’s perspectives concur with that of both the NRA and HCI. Fundamentally, the American Firearms Association stands an unbiased ground with regards to guns control here in the U.S.
Defenders: Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, Coalition to Stop Gun Violence, and national Rifle Association.
Coalition to Stop Gun Violence: A day after Obama’s declaration, the Coalition to Stop Gun Violence got into the quarrel by assaulting a Georgia Democratic congressman on his binds to the National Rifle Association and his restriction to Obama’s gun enactment. The Coalition to Stop Gun Violence trusts that the gun demonstrates permits criminals and other denied buyers to purchase guns from unlicensed merchants at these occasions without experiencing individual verifications.
Adversaries: National Rifle Association.
Defenders: Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.
Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence: The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence attempts to pass, uphold, and secure sensible laws and public policy that location gun savagery at the government and state level. We do this by connecting with and initiating the American public, choosing authorities who bolster sound judgment gun laws, and expanding public attention to gun viciousness. Through our promotion battles and Million Mom March and Brady Chapters, we work locally to instruct individuals about the dangers of gun proprietorship, honor casualties of gun brutality, and pass sensible gun laws. The Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence creates and executes broad public wellbeing and security programs and uses the courts to lessen gun viciousness. Through our Legal Action Project, we speak to casualties of gun savagery in bodies of evidence against reckless gun venders and proprietors. Through our public wellbeing and security programs, we move more secure demeanors and practices around the 300 million guns as of now in our homes and groups and new gun buys occurring each day.
Adversaries: National Rifle Association.
Defenders: Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence.
National Rifle Association: The National Rifle Association (NRA) offers everything from its political plan to its stock with a basic condition: more guns equivalent more flexibility. Such view, liberated access to guns is the key to shielding singular rights from exceeding by government. The NRA contends that the best way to hold concentrated power under control is to guarantee that individual natives hold the ability to stand up to the administration with power of arms. This is summed up by NRA CEO Wayne La Pierre position that , “The general population have a privilege to take whatever measures essential, including power, to cancel abusive government….”.
Adversaries: Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence, Coalition to Stop Gun Violence, and national Rifle Association.
Create a cumulative frequency distribution from the list, placing stakeholders (numbered 1
– n) on the horizontal axis; placing the number of new ideas generated by each stakeholder; and then connecting the total new ideas of each stakeholder with a line graph. (Note: The ideas may be objectives, alternatives, outcomes causes, etc.; ideas should not be duplicates.
Write an analysis of the results of the frequency distribution that answers the following questions: (a) Does the line graph flatten out? (b) If so, after how many stakeholders? (c) What conclusions can be drawn about the policy problems in the issue area?
In this work out, the line graph didn’t straighten. As far as the policy issues with respect to “gun control” is relied upon to be a two side thing. So as to completely abuse national estimation, there are as of now different bills before the 113th Congress to fortify gun control. President Obama is attempting to gain ground on this front through both marking 23 official requests and advancing an arrangement concentrated on “all inclusive record verifications for all gun purchasers, a crackdown on gun trafficking, a prohibition on military-style attack weapons, and a restriction on ammo magazines holding more than 10 projectiles,” as indicated by the Washington Post. Be that as it may, his arrangement’s prospects appear to be inauspicious notwithstanding Congress which, typically, is centered on ending its encouraging.
In the light of the above-named activities, vis-à-vis official requests and Obama’s proposed arrangement, there has been an objection from Congressional Republicans, either tagging President Obama as a dictator or accusing him of attempting to take away their guns. On the other hand, Congress’ stubborn adherence to the standard of ‘no advancement’ as being superior to anything tradeoff appears to be disturbing and indeed alarming. There needs to be serious and level headed debate in order to keep moving forward with the issue of gun control.
Coalition to Stop Gun Violence. (2013). Guns, Democracy, and Freedom. Retrieved on May 9,
2013; from: http://www.csgv.org/issues-and-campaigns/guns-democracy-and-freedom
Gun Violence Prevention. (2013). Congressional Digest, 92(3), 1.
Schwartz, E. (2008). In Congress, the Uphill Battle for Gun Control. U.S. News & World
Report, 144(8), 41-43.
The Washington Post. (2013). Obama’s far-reaching gun-proposals face uncertain fate in divided
Congress. Retrieved on May 10, 2013; from: http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2013-01-