Identify the role of patient safety and the influence on the Federal initiatives that are used to prevent unintentional death as a result of medical mistakes.
Patient safety forms the core of any healthcare system as it assures the patients of quality service and enables healthcare providers to provide their services in an environment that is comfortable for everyone. For this reason, Unites States has come up with a number of parent safety regulations and policies that all practitioners in the field must adhere to. Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) has an objective of making healthcare accessible to citizens and also within their budget.
In the recent past, there have been significant step and effort to enhance patient safety and improve healthcare in general. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) put healthcare quality to the forefront with the 2010 passage of the ACA. The ACA mandates and evaluates quality of care and requires that the quality metrics be publicly reported. It also requires that hospitals and provider payments be tied to performance. This was meant to discourage and eliminate patient exploitation and thus improving patient safety. The ACA established the non-for-profit Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institutes (PCORI). The main purpose of the PCORI is to identify national properties for healthcare research in order to improve health care delivery and outcomes by producing and promoting evidence-based information that results from research.
Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) was established by the National Committee for Quality and Assurance in 2007. This was developed in order to give consumers the ability to compare health care performance against national and regional benchmarks. With the data from HEDIS, patient deaths that were in a position to be accounted for and appropriate action to stop it in future were taken. This significantly improved healthcare as mistakes were reduced and, in many instances, eliminated (Institute of Medicine, 2011).
To curb misconduct towards patients and actions that could potentially put them at risk, The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) developed CMS quality initiatives in order to hold hospitals accountable for the quality of care that they deliver. This proved to be a significant step in healthcare delivery at the health center level. This CMS initiated a program to financially penalize hospitals that did not report the ORYX measures to the CMS.
Institute of Medicine (US). Committee on the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Initiative on the Future of Nursing. (2011). The future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.