|Family Systems||Individual Counseling|
|Roles of the Counselor & Client||– The counselor is neutral and encourages the members of a family to speak through the counselor instead of one another. The counselor teaches ways or ‘differentiation moves’ for the client to maintain their neutrality state.
The client is responsible for cultivating his/her life, but not the counselor. The client should also decide for themselves what ought to be done correctly in any problem encountered (Titelman, 2014)
|The counselor should offer a conducive environment that is going to allow the client’s potential. The counselor should be dependable and set up accurate understanding and empathy (Rogers, 2012).
In this theory, the client’s role is to be who they are plain. The client should also strive for balance by attaining their self-definition without losing their capability for spontaneous emotional expression.
|Strengths of the Approach||Bowenian theory has strength in connection to creating a solution to any issue by considering the congregation as one. The theory also has a strength in that it broadens a counselor’s perception through the inclusion of family system theory in the process of counseling (Nichols, 2001).||The theory’s strength lay in the client providers firm nature. There is mutual respect, common focus and good conversations happen, which is to assist clients to get wherever they want to be (Rogers, 2000).|
| Limitations of the Approach
|It is not constantly possible to incorporate the whole family into the process of treatment. Bowen’s family therapy approach also ignores some of the positive functions of a family’s togetherness and might be broken down to a person from collective cultures (Goldenberg, 2012).||Since the approach is client led, then it is up to clients to have the ability to process information as well as make logical choices/decisions for their own wellbeing. In case one is unable to do this, the practitioner’s cornerstone not making statements or passing (Meyer, 2013). judgment, when the client is wrong or right, could be counterproductive|
|Appropriate Scenarios for Using the Approach||Bowenian approach should be utilized when assisting family members to change and identify maladaptive relationship patterns. Also, children develop personality traits based on their place/position in the family and theory should be used to help the children grow up in a similar sibling position without causing any family conflict (Glasscock, 1998).||The approach should be applied to individuals suffering from alcohol disorders, anxiety, depression, personality disorders, and cognitive dysfunction. It can also be used as play therapy in young children|
|Appropriate Therapy Methods (Include 2 to 3)||Family evaluation: The therapist should gather family history plus other relevant data (Nichols, 1996).
Coaching: This method is utilized with people who are seeking to attain a greater differentiation level in the family. Coaching comprises of supporting and instructing family members learn to support themselves.
|Listen nonjudgmentally: Only clients ought to be able to make all decisions for themselves since they have full accountability in that respect
Be Genuine: In case a client feels that their therapist isn’t genuine and authentic, the client won’t trust the therapist (Cepeda, 2006).
|Important Ethical Considerations||Personal values – a therapist should always maintain professional boundaries at all times when dealing with the clients (Haug,1998)
Confidentiality – Counselors ought to be outspoken with the family throughout the counseling process and inform them their confidentiality right by letting then comprehend that a counselor may not reveal to other members of the family any information one family member may share in private.
|Minimizing bias in counseling – Therapists should be aware of their belief systems, needs, limitations, and values and the impact of all these on their work
Careful observation – the therapist should be very detailed in the client discovery progression to ensure that the client is well informed to the paradigm of the client-driven introspection (Patterson, 2007).
Cepeda, L. M., & Davenport, D. S. (2006). Person-centered therapy and solution-focused brief therapy: An integration of present and future awareness. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 43(1), 1.
Goldenberg, H., & Goldenberg, I. (2012). Family therapy: An overview. Cengage Learning.
Haug, I. E. (1998). Spirituality as a dimension of family therapists’ clinical training. Contemporary Family Therapy, 20(4), 471-483.
Mearns, D., Thorne, B., & McLeod, J. (2013). Person-centred counselling in action. Sage.
Meyer, J. P., Stanley, L. J., & Vandenberg, R. J. (2013). A person-centered approach to the study of commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 23(2), 190-202.
Nichols, M. P., & Schwartz, R. C. (2001). The essentials of family therapy. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Nichols, W. C. (1996). Treating people in families: An integrative framework. Guilford Press.
Patterson, T. G., & Joseph, S. (2007). Person-centered personality theory: Support from self-determination theory and positive psychology. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 47(1), 117-139.
Rogers, C. (2000). Person-centred therapy. Six Key Approaches to Counselling and Therapy, 98.
Rogers, C. (2012). Client Centred Therapy (New Ed). Hachette UK.
Stiles, W. B., Barkham, M., Mellor-Clark, J., & Connell, J. (2008). Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioural, person-centred, and psychodynamic therapies in UK primary-care routine practice: replication in a larger sample. Psychological medicine, 38(5), 677-688.
Titelman, P. (2014). Clinical applications of Bowen family systems theory. Routledge.
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