PSY 340 Neurological Research Brochure

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Current Resident123 Neuron AvenueSan Diego, CA 92115.The Gschwind Clinic 9876 Endorphin Ct.San Diego, CA 92110.     The Gschwind Clinic:Neurological ResearchBrochureMonica GschwindPSY/340 June 22, 2015 Dr. Bruce Theissen
Anatomy of NeuronDendrites: Antennas that receive information from opposing neurons, and transmit that information to the soma. Cell Body: Also known as the soma, accommodates the nucleus. The cell body is responsible for a large amount of the protein and energy production.Axon: The final stop where the information by the dendrites is produced. Axons are covered with the myelin, which increases the speed and the information.Nodes of Ranvier: Gaps between the myelin.Axon Terminal: The axon ends with the axon terminal.Neurons can communicate with one another, and have effects on basic functions of the development of cognition (Smith, 2010).     Neural Impulse& ConductionsNeural Impulse: An electrical signal that travels along an axon. Steps of Neural ConductionStep 1: Nerve cells at resting potential. Sodium and Potassium diffuse with the concentration gradient. Step 2: Neurons get stimulation, which causes local potentials to lead to the threshold. Step 3: Sodium channels within the trigger zone of the axon open.Step 4: Sodium ions diffuse towards the inside, which depolarizes the membrane.Step 5: Potassium channels within the membrane begin to open.Step 6: Potassium ions diffuse towards the outside, this repolarizes the membrane. Step 7: Action potential causes an electrical current to stimulate the other side of the portions of the membrane.Step 8: Action potentials occur in specific sequences, along the axon as a nerve impulse.
       
What is a neurotransmitter? A kind of chemical messenger that helps to carry, boost, and regulate the signals that are between neurons and other cells within the body. They can also be synthesized in different areas of the body (Theirl, 2009).Functions of Primary NeurotransmittersDopamine: Affects the body’s movement, learning, attention, pleasure, and reinforcement.Norepinephrine: Affects eating, alertness, and also wakefulness.Serotonin: Affects the mood, sleep, appetite and impulsivity. Endorphins: Helps to provide relief from pain and feelings of pleasure.     References:Theirl, S. (2009, Dec). Clinical Relevance of Neurotransmitter Testing. Retrieved from Health & Wellness Resource Center.Smith, S. K. (2010, May). Neurons. Retrieved from ProQuest.
       



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