Major approaches to clinical psychology: Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
March 3, 2018
Major approaches to clinical psychology : ADHD
Family system Approach
Attention deficit Hyperactive Disorder
Most commonly diagnosed in children.
Treated normally with medication.
Carries a host of symptoms that cause people to be distracted, inattentive, constantly moving or fidgeting, and other symptoms.
Based off of the work of Sigmund Freud
Maintains that the individual has three basic points: Id, ego, and superego.
Works by syncing the unconscious and conscious mind into one thinking.
Techniques & strategies of psychodynamic approach
The Id is the basic primal needs of the person
The superego is the angel on your shoulder telling you what the right thing to do is while the Id is the little devil whispering the wrong ideas.
The ego is the diplomatic side of the person that looks for the middle ground to compromise.
Goals of psychodynamic approach with ADHD
Attempt to understand what the patient is feeling and how they are expressing those feelings
Coupled with medication, the psychodynamic approach is used to get the patient on a better plane of understanding about themselves.
Enhance the abilities of both psychodynamic therapy and the medication for the best results of the patient.
The cognitive-behavioral approach takes into account thoughts, feelings, and interpretation of those thoughts on behavior.
Based on the work of Skinner, Pavlov, and others.
Attempts to curb behaviors through reinforcement and other means.
Cognitive behavioral approach techniques and strategies.
Social learning perspective
Goal of cognitive behavioral approach in treating ADHD
To teach the individual the proper ways to go about things instead of their normal behavior.
Provide them with reinforcement to help sustain positive behavior and curb negative behaviors.
Based on the work of Maslow, Frankl, and others.
Was started as an alternative to psychodynamic approach and CBT approach.
Seeks to understand the individual and their behavior based on the whole of the person.
Strategies and techniques of the humanistic approach
Unconditional positive regard
Humanistic approach to treating ADHD
Family Systems Approach
Strategies and techniques of family system approach
Family system approach to treating ADHD
Almagor, D., & Ansari, R. (2012). Psychodynamic psychotherapy and Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). , 27(1), 1. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0924-9338(12)75297-5
Cassone, A. R. (2013, May). Mindfulness Training as an Adjunct to Evidence-Based Treatment for ADHD Within Families. Journal of Attention Disorders , 19(2), 247-257. doi:https://doi-org.contentproxy.phoenix.edu/10.1177/1087054713488438
King, K. (2016). Siblings’ Perceptions of Their ADHD-Diagnosed Sibling’s Impact on the Family System. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(9), . doi: 10.3390/ijerph13090910
Plante, T. G. (2010). Contemporary clinical psychology (3rd ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
Safren, S. A. (2006, January). Cognitive-behavioral approaches to ADHD treatment in adulthood.. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry , 67(8), 46-50.
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PSY 480 Major approaches to clinical psychology - Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder.pptx