Rehabilitation is the aspiration with probability of programs to restore the individual to a prior state. Theoretically rehabilitation is special programs that focus on the needs of the inmate to reunite with society. The origin of rehabilitation evolved from different ideas starting in the 17th century England into the late 19th century in the United States. The purpose of jail and prison were forms of rehabilitation by punishment. By the removing the offender from society punishment would be the form of rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is a word that is used often within the corrections, in the prison setting. It is an attempt to change an individual attitude and behavior. There are programs that are to prevent habitual offenders, help a criminal get to their normal state of mind and not to be punishing for their action that may cause the criminal to change and become an outstanding citizen that follows the rules instead of the individual getting out and committing another crime. In 1779 Parliament passed the Penitentiary Act that made rehabilitation of criminals a functioning part of the prison system. Throughout the years there has been many processes created to form rehabilitation process of criminal justice. The process has helped many offenders by allowing him/her to return within their community as a changed individual.
The difference between parole and mandatory release is the determining factor of granting release from prison. Discretionary parole is
determined by a parole board as well as the length of sentence to be served. Conditions are set if the convict is granted release and he or she serves the remainder of the sentence in the community under supervision. Mandatory release or mandatory parole replaces the indeterminate sentence with a mathematical computation. Mandatory release takes into consideration good-time served in prison with the amount of total time incarcerated to calculate a release date. The release is conditional in both discretionary and mandatory parole and the parolee will be sent back to prison for failure to comply with parole conditions. Expiration of sentence is applied to those who serve the entire sentence incarcerated and usually are released without conditions.The current parole process could be better served if funding was more abundant. Unfortunately the correction systems resources are limited creating limited solutions to the parole process. Probation is a prison sentence that is suspended on the condition that the offender is to follow certain prescribed rules and commits no further crimes. (Seiter, 2011, p562) The offender has supervised release instead of being incarcerated, because often the suspended sentence holds a motivation for the offenders. If the release requirements are violated then it can result in the imposition of the original sentence.Some of the other forms or types of probation can include work release, half-way houses,electronic monitoring, and
community service. Work release is when the offenders still reside within the confines of the institution, but is allowed to go into the community each day to a job.Half-way houses are temporary living situation that provide a way for the newly released offenders to ease in to living in the outside world. It provides them supervision and social support in helping to make the transition into a new world of self-responsibility. Electronic
monitoring is a device that can provide constant electronic documentation of a parole’s location. Community service provides the opportunity for the offenders to pay back society for their offenses, in a supervised and safe manner. (CJI Interactive, 2011)
Community corrections are sanctions imposed on convicted adults or adjudicated juveniles that occur in a residential or community setting outside of jail or prison. The sanctions are enforced by agencies or courts with legal authority over the adult or juvenile offenders. Community corrections programs are generally operated by probation agencies (correctional supervision within the community instead of incarceration) and parole agencies (conditional, supervised release from prison).
Is there a better solution to the current probation system?The better solution to the current probation system is to have more probation officers to help keep an eye on the offenders and they do not fall through the cracks and get back in trouble. That probation officers should be
taken more seriously and appreciative in the system to help out the offender. There should not be a huge case load on so few probation officers. There should be more stipulations on the restrictions of probation. Are there better solutions than the current community corrections options? I believe that the community options we have now are fairly decent as far as the halfway houses and the different community groups that’s put together for the prisoners once they get out of jail. The six evidence based practices to help lower recidivism are: risk/needs assessment, individual motivators, target the appropriate intervention, rewire the brain, increase positive reinforcement and ongoing support.