Tiffany D. Brunson
Week 2: Visually Displaying Data Results
According to Frankfort-Nachimias and Leon-Guerrero (2018), pie charts are best used when displaying data information for parts of a whole. The pie chart below shows the geographic regions where all 17,200 students attend school. This chart shows that most of the students who were surveyed were from the south. According to Knuth, Sutton, Levias, Kuo, and Callison (2016), students in the Pacific Northwest are more likely to pursue STEM careers if there was a rigorous STEM program or science AP course within their school.
Out of 17,200 students surveyed (data points), the average number of AP courses offered at their high schools is 10.86. This data shows that the average student that was surveyed had access to advanced placement courses at their high school. Additionally, it shows that while very few students have access to over 20 AP courses, many students only have access to 5-10 AP courses.
One implication for social change from this data might be whether or not high schools begin to offer students more AP or other advanced courses as pathways to specific college majors and/or career paths. According to Sadler, Sonnert, Hazari, and Tai (2014), high school course taking patterns can affect career choices. High school students who do well on their science based AP course exams tend to lean toward STEM majors after high school (Sadler, Sonnert, Hazari, & Tai, 2014)
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., & Leon-Guerrero, A. (2018). Social statistics for a diverse society(8th ed.). Los Angeles: SAGE.
Knuth, R., Sutton, P. S., Levias, S., Kuo, A. C., & Callison, M. (2016). An Evaluation Report: i3 Development Grant Dev07–Sammamish High School. “Re-Imagining Career and College Readiness: STEM, Rigor, and Equity in a Comprehensive High School”.
Sadler, P. M., Sonnert, G., Hazari, Z., & Tai, R. (2014). The Role of Advanced High School Coursework in Increasing STEM Career Interest. Science Educator, 23(1), 1-13.
Wagner, W. E. (2016). Using IBM® SPSS® statistics for research methods and social science statistics (6th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.