RSCH 8250 Developing a Research Question

29 Sep No Comments

Developing a Research Question

Student’s Name

Institutional Affiliation

Description of Research Question

Research questions provide attention and direction for researchers in the research and writing process (creswell,2000). Research questions in quantitative studies, are inquiries about the relationships among Independent and dependent variables, the understanding of which the researcher seeks (Creswell, 2009). In the research, question, process, questions, data collected by the researcher provide the direction and tone of the paper (Trochim, 2006). Moreover, whenever quantitative research is involved, the association, correlation and relationship among various variables is sought (Creswell, 2009). My research proposal zeroes in on the observed increase in the incidence of sexually transmitted infections, specifically the human papillomavirus (HPV) among 15 to 24 year olds. (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013). The goal of my research question is to understand the relationship between independent variable which is political beliefs and the implementation of HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools and dependent variable is Political beliefs and attitudes are not preventing HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools.

(

Vaccines designed to prevent HPV along with constant communication aimed at vulnerable groups are widely available (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013). Despite these preventive campaigns and measures however, STI incidence has grown((Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC],2013). . The research would indicate which factors contributed to such increase. The question that will direct the course of this proposal is as follows: Do political beliefs or attitudes prevent HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools? In relation to the question, the following hypotheses have been developed to further understand the research problem

Alternative hypothesis: Independent variable is Political beliefs and attitudes prevent HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools.

Null hypothesis: Dependent variable is Political beliefs and attitudes do not prevent HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools.

Appropriateness of Internet and Survey Research to Proposed Design

A survey is the means employed to gather or collect data in the research process to quantify thoughts, attitudes, and opinions (Trochim, 2006). Surveys can be categorized in two ways, questionnaires and interviews (Trochim, 2006). Questionnaires are surveys in written form, conveyed through mail, electronically or through the regular mode.. Survey questionnaires can also be conducted through the internet, (Ahern, 2005). In contrast, interviews, may be done personally or through a telephone call (Frankfort-Nachmias & Nachmias, 2008). Questionnaires and personal interviews mechanisms once proved to be very valuable in data collection. In the internet age however, these survey proved to be inefficient and archaic.

A survey conducted via regular mail is less likely to deliver a diverse sampling population, and a high response rate (Ahem,2005).. Accordingly, if speed in the gathering of responses is vital in research completion, then a mail survey is not a viable alternative. (Frankfort-Nachmias & Nachmias, 2008). In instances wherein expense is limited, coupled with a geographically dispersed sampling population, the conduct of personal interviews may not be deemed appropriate. In contrast, when anonymity of interviewees, cost and time are to be factored, , the internet may prove to be a feasible survey tool(Ahen,2005). Surveys conducted through the internet increase the number of participants, notwithstanding minimal cost and significantly quicker response times. (Ahern, 2005). All of these surveying tools however, are applicable in cross-sectional designs. In my research proposal, I am able to utilize survey tools such as Surveymonkey.com and Surveygizmo.com in the conduct of conduct cross-sectional surveys

Appropriate Research Design For Research Question

The selection of a research design largely depends on the goals and the corresponding research question that has to be answered (Ridenour, Newman, and DeMarco 2003). In choosing the most appropriate research design, the validity and practicality of research design must also be considered (Ridenour, Newman, and DeMarco 2003).Since my research proposal aims to unravel the relationship between political beliefs and the implementation of HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools, I deem it appropriate to conduct my proposed study in a natural and real-life social setting. Survey questionnaires will be utilized in my study. Meanwhile, controlled variables would not be needed. Taking into account all these factors, a cross-sectional design will most appropriate. The research question between independent variable which is political beliefs and the implementation of HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools and dependent variable is political beliefs and attitudes are not preventing HPV vaccination programs in middle schools and high schools.

Plagiarism is using an Author words not giving the individual credit.

References

Ahern, N. R. (2005). Using the internet to conduct research. In Nurse Researcher, 13(2), 55–70.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/std/stats/STI-Estimates-Fact-Sheet-Feb-2013.pdf

Creswell, J.W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed methods approaches (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Frankfort-Nachmias, C., and Nachmias, D. (2008). Research methods in the social sciences (7th ed.). New York: Worth.

Newman, I., Ridenour, C. S., Newman, C., & DeMarco, G. M. P. (2003). A typology of research purposes and its relationship to mixed methods. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp. 167-188). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Trochim, W. (2006). Survey research. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/survey.php

Handbook of mixed methods in social and behavioral research (pp. 167-188). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Trochim, W. (2006). Survey research. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/survey.php

The Assignment:

Craft a 2- to 4-page paper in which you do the following:

Develop research questions for your research proposal

State whether survey or Internet research methods would be appropriate to your research questions

and why

Include a thorough explanation of the research design you have chosen to answer your research question,

and produce a justification for it

Doctoral Research: Application Evaluation Criteria

Criteria Points
Addresses all aspects of the task 6
Is substantive and demonstrates understanding and thoughtful/accurate application of concepts and/or issues presented in the course (e.g., insightful interpretations or analyses; accurate and perceptive parallels, ideas, opinions, and conclusions; supporting evidence for statements and ideas) 20
Provides evidence of original and critical thinking 10
Demonstrates quality and effectiveness in written communication (e.g., grammar, syntax, spelling, mechanics) 2
Adheres to APA style and formatting standards 2
  40 points total



Click following link to download this document

RSCH 8250 Developing a Research Question.docx