SCS 100Theme 2:Marriage Graphic Organizer
Using the three different representations of marriage presented in the learning block (polyandry, arranged marriages, and walking marriages),fill in the graphic organizer below. In Part A, you will have to first identify the biases you haveregarding marriage and their influence on your perspective of marriage. In Part B, you will then take an objective stance and discuss the advantages and disadvantagesofthese types ofmarriage. In Part C, you will create a question a social scientist might ask to further the investigation of marriage.
In this first step, do your best to identify three of your biases on marriage due to your culture and religion. The American culture and legal system generally allowonlyone type of marriage. What type of bias does this embed in us? The religions that people belong to and practice can also impact their biases toward marriage, depending on how their chosen religion defines marriage. How does this influence your perspective of marriage in general? How does this bias influence your perspectiveon these specific types ofmarriage?
|Biases||Bias 1: Polyandry:the marriage of a woman to two or more men at the same time. In my opinion, I feel that a woman should only be married to one man, not multiple. A woman cannot giver her heart to multiple men at the same time. In the west, we feel that an individual should only have one spouse at a time. Therefore, a traditional marriage is one between a man and woman.||Bias 2: Arranged Marriages:the planned marriage, with the agreement between both families of the bride and groom, who have very little to no say at all about the marriage. In my opinion, I feel that a man and a woman have the right to chose who they feel they want to spend the rest of their life with, rather than having their families pick the bride or the groom. However, I do feel it is important to have the approval of both sides of the family when he/she chooses their spouse. In the west, individuals don’t hold the same bias for arranged marriages, like they do for polyandry, but the individuals do feel that it is their choice who they marry and no one else’s.||Bias 3:Walking Marriages: both partners live with their extended family during the day, but the man visits and stays with the woman at night until sunrise if granted permission. Both parents do not raise the child of the marriage, rather the child is raisedby the mother’s extended family, therefore, the father plays little to no role at all in raising the child.In my opinion, when two individuals decide to get married they are essentially sharing everything; families, money, children, etc. All these things belong to the married couple. Therefore, once married, the man/woman stay faithful to one another and they live together.|
|Influence of the Biases||In polyandry marriage, women can have multiple spouses. According the video, the woman was married to all three brothers and has to balance her time between all three of them. In the western culture, we view that a woman is only married to one man at a time. Therefore, this type of marriage does not change my view on general marriage because I feel that marriage is strictly between a man and a woman. In my opinion, I don’t agree with this type of marriage because I was taught that God established man and woman for them to be together, not man to man, nor woman to woman. I view it as disgusting for three men to share one woman.||In an arranged marriage, the families of each individual (male/female) have their spouse chosen for them. In the Western culture, individuals choose their spouse, rather than having families/relatives choose them for them. However, I do feel that it is important for both male/female in the forthcoming marriage to have the approvals of both families. My perspective on this type of marriage is not as bad as polyandry marriage, but it is quite different from my view of choosing the individual you wish to marry because of happiness, love, and etc. Therefore, if I was involved in an arranged marriage, I would ultimately be unhappy because I did not choose my spouse on my own terms and having to marry someone that I don’t know, don’t love, and maybe don’t even respect.||In a walking marriage, a man is joined with a woman at night and leaves first thing in the morning. This marriage also states that the married individuals continue to reside with their families when married, therefore the couple does not live together. The father can have very little or no action at all with his child; if he has one. The child resides with the mothers family and raised there. This marriage also states that is quite rare for a woman to have multiple partners, but it still possible to have more than one. However, in my opinion and culture, when you marry someone you share bank accounts, cars, and etc., especially living together. In my general view, this does not dissuade my perspective because I view this type of marriage as a one-night stand or friends with benefits or adultery in which I do not agree with. Its easily that said that other individuals (Western Culture) and I would not be happy with spending the night with my wife and leaving at sunrise or having other affairs because we, the West feel that when your married, you are intimate with that individual for the rest of your life.|
|Type of Marriage||Advantages||Drawbacks|
|Polyandry||One advantage of polyandry marriage is the care for the child and chores. In the video, all three brothers share one wife; all three brothers care for the child and take care of the chores. They work together as a team and live as a family.||One drawback of polyandry marriage is the scheduling of intercourse. The wife has to schedule her time between three husbands. This marriage states that the children come from the oldest brother/husband. Another drawback would be the act of jealously between the three brothers. We see jealously in the Western culture, but seems to be nonexistent in this marriage/culture. Who is the alpha male?|
|Arranged Marriages||One advantage of an arranged marriage is that when two individuals are arranged to be married, both families are getting married as well. This can result in a wealthy financial future for both families, as well as keeping the royal blood between two powerful royal families.||One drawback to an arranged marriage is that it known to lead to divorce because the marriages tend to be carried out quickly, resulting in the individuals not knowing their spouse or choosing their spouse, which may lead to unhappiness and fighting. In this type of marriage, money is the key to an arranged marriage most of the time. The families look for wealthy men for their daughters to marry, therefore making herself and her family wealthy, as well as bringing a higher social status to their lives, however, in the West, money does not play a major role in marriage. Another drawback is that the woman has the possibility of not experiencing childhood, if they are arranged at a young age.|
|Walking Marriages||One advantage of a walking marriage is that that both individuals gain support from both families, in turn with more support and both families invested in the marriage, rather than both individuals, there is a chance that it will be a more successful marriage. Another advantage is only to the man because he has the social status of being married, but does not have deal with her on a daily basis and can have other women as well.||One drawback to a walking marriage is the blessing from the woman’s mother. This process results in the man bringing gifts to gain her blessing in marrying her daughter. However, in Western cultures, an individual provide gifts to someone by choice for happiness, rather than looking for acceptance. Other drawbacks are that when a child is born, the mother’s family raises the child and the father can have little to no action with the child and mother (other than intercourse). Instead, the man can have other marriages as well. Again in Western cultures, when two individuals are married, they live together and share everything.|
Create a question:In this learning block, you were given a lot of information about marriage and what marriage means in different cultures. You were also asked to think about what marriage means to you.The next step is to take the information you have been given and create a questiona social scientist might ask to further the investigation of marriage. For example, after reading about arranged marriages, you might ask: Are rates of depression higher in women in arranged marriages? Social scientists use existing information to come up with new questions. This is the iterative process of social science research.
- While it is impossible to “check our culture and biases at the door” and become totally objective, we can identify our biases (as you have already done above) and try toignore them in order to consider other points of view. In this next step, take a culturally relativistic standpoint (in other words, tryto overcome your biases) and consider the tenetsofeach type of marriage. Why might these other forms of marriage be more successful or advantageous in certain contexts than the Western concept of marriage (based on love and monogamy)? Then, from that same culturally relativistic standpoint, also consider some possible drawbacks to these forms of marriage.
|I have decided to create a question for each type of marriage, as well as a general question about marriage. How do other cultures and civilizations perceive polyandry marriage? Do they accept it?Is there a higher divorce rate in arranged marriages? Are both individuals happy having their spouse picked for them in an arranged marriage?Is there a higher chance of spreading sexually transmitted diseases in cultures that believe in the participation of walking marriages? Is there a high percentage rate of children not knowing whom their father is?In today’s society, how do other individuals view different types of marriages? Do they view marriage in a particular way, or are they open to other ideas?|