SO245 Lesson 1 Exam

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Question 1   5 / 5 points

Our species, Homo sapiens sapiens, appeared on the planet around _______ years BCE.

Question options:

  a) 40,000
  b) 1 million
  c) 1.5 million
  d) 200,000
Question 2   5 / 5 points

Before the invention of the loom in 1785, textile manufacturing was

Question options:

  a) regulated under the guild system.
  b) performed by children working in factories.
  c) produced in rural cottages under a putting-out system.
  d) conducted by British colonists overseas.
Question 3   5 / 5 points

Which statement is true regarding the Venus of Willendorf statue?

Question options:

  a) It tells us something about women in the ancient past.
  b) It’s the only statue known from its time period.
  c) It reveals deep knowledge of female anatomy.
  d) It’s meant to represent a Paleolithic goddess.
Question 4   5 / 5 points

John Harrison, a Yorkshire carpenter, helped solve the longitude problem with the invention of the

Question options:

  a) marine compass.
  b) marine chronometer.
  c) astrolabe.
  d) global positioning system.
Question 5   5 / 5 points

Concepts of gene therapy, nanotechnology, 3D printing, and bioengineering were under development beginning in the

Question options:

  a) 1960s.
  b) 1970s.
  c) 1980s.
  d) 1990s.
Question 6   5 / 5 points

In ancient Egypt, the rose was meant to symbolize the goddess

Question options:

  a) Venus.
  b) Isis.
  c) Mary.
  d) Aphrodite.
Question 7   5 / 5 points

The steam engine was originally conceived and built by

Question options:

  a) Thomas Savery.
  b) James Watt.
  c) Thomas Newcomen.
  d) Robert Morse.
Question 8   5 / 5 points

The greatest expansion of the Roman Empire occurred during the _______ Age.

Question options:

  a) Neolithic
  b) Late Bronze
  c) Early Bronze
  d) Iron
Question 9   5 / 5 points

Artifacts are to material culture as _______ are to nonmaterial culture.

Question options:

  a) horses
  b) beliefs
  c) crossbows
  d) statues
Question 10   5 / 5 points

The Second Industrial Revolution took place from the _______ century to _______.

Question options:

  a) early nineteenth; World War I
  b) early nineteenth; World War II
  c) late nineteenth; World War II
  d) late nineteenth; World War I
Question 11   5 / 5 points

The Turing test was designed to test a(n)

Question options:

  a) foreign power’s chances of winning a war.
  b) atomic bomb for energy output.
  c) computer’s capacity to calculate mathematical sums.
  d) machine’s ability to exhibit human-level intelligence.
Question 12   5 / 5 points

In painting, chiaroscuro is a technique in which

Question options:

  a) backgrounds become separate from foregrounds.
  b) objects on canvas look three-dimensional.
  c) linear perspectives become distorted.
  d) primary colors are exclusively used.
Question 13   5 / 5 points

Which of these is true of the ancient cultures of the Americas?

Question options:

  a) The Mayans and Aztecs made notable advances in astronomy and mathematics.
  b) The Aztecs and Mayans learned to read and write under Spanish rule.
  c) The Aztecs and Mayans had no concept of the wheel.
  d) The Incas built many miles of paved roads across their empire.
Question 14   5 / 5 points

A rise in literacy rates across Europe following the Renaissance can be reasonably attributed to an invention by

Question options:

  a) Archimedes.
  b) Ptolemy.
  c) Leonardo da Vinci.
  d) Johannes Gutenberg.
Question 15   5 / 5 points

The Library at _______ contained the world’s largest archive of human knowledge in ancient times.

Question options:

  a) Athens
  b) Cairo
  c) Alexandria
  d) Rome
Question 16   5 / 5 points

Which element of nonmaterial culture refers to preferred and expected behaviors?

Question options:

  a) Values
  b) Symbols
  c) Norms
  d) Language
Question 17   5 / 5 points

Cultural concepts about right and wrong are referred to as

Question options:

  a) mores.
  b) folkways.
  c) laws.
  d) taboos.
Question 18   5 / 5 points

What happened immediately following the death of Alexander the Great?

Question options:

  a) His heirs formed a governing council to rule the conquered territories.
  b) A simplified version of the Greek language, koine, was developed to unite the Hellenic realm.
  c) Chaos reigned as Alexander’s heirs fought each other for power.
  d) The conquered territories were united under Muslim rule.
Question 19   5 / 5 points

Which statement is true regarding the European medieval period?

Question options:

  a) Traditional technology was favored, so no innovation occurred in the Middle Ages.
  b) New technological advances were imported over trade routes from China.
  c) Traditional technology was favored but innovations like vertical windmills and clockworks were developed.
  d) Technological advances were considered ungodly and unnatural.
Question 20   5 / 5 points

The first European to round the Cape of Good Hope and proceed onward to India was

Question options:

  a) Vasco de Gama.
  b) Christopher Columbus.
  c) Ferdinand Magellan.
  d) Pedro Alvarez Cabral.



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